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DeFi: Finance, but not always Decentralised?

As a recent blog post explored, DeFi – decentralised finance – can and will be used in whatever ways developers and the market see fit. This is the nature of open, decentralised systems. You can’t stop it, and there’s a very strong argument for saying we shouldn’t try. To restrict any element of DeFi, at least at the protocol level, is to introduce centralisation and single points of failure, thereby killing the core innovation by misguidedly trying to protect it.
But “decentralisation” is widely misunderstood. It is, first of all, not a binary matter: a project is not either “decentralised” or “centralised”. Decentralisation lies on a spectrum. One node in a blockchain “network” is centralised; Bitcoin, with many thousands of nodes in its network, is typically considered decentralised. At what point does the threshold between centralised and decentralised lie? 10, 100, 1,000 nodes?
Secondly, there are different types of decentralisation. A blockchain network might be decentralised, but its mining infrastructure may not be, especially if a few pools comprise 51% of hashrate. If there are very few exchanges, or active developers, these are also forms of centralisation and points of potential vulnerability.
DeFi’s recent failings of decentralisation
We have seen other forms of centralisation and failure in the DeFi space in recent weeks, suggesting that a significant proportion of DeFi cannot truly be considered Decentralised at all.
At least two recent DeFi projects (one a fork of the other, and clearly designed to appeal to yield farmers, with improbable gains promised), include an “infinite mint” function that poise the devs to carry out an exit scam, pulling the rug from under holders when it is most lucrative (if not timelocked). SushiSwap, a now-notorious clone of UniSwap, apparently suffered a similar exit scam when its founder Chef Nomi took $14 million from the dev fund – only to return it in what may have been genuine remorse, or possibly an act of theatre.
Many of the ‘new’ DeFi protocols are simply clones of existing dApps, making them akin to a Ponzi or HYIP scheme. It’s worse when the users, who pour millions of dollars into these smart contracts, don’t wait for an audit – as was the case with Yam Finance, which led to a bug that caused its token price to crash to zero.
The ruthless elimination of centralisation
DeFi is not DeFi when it contains any of the above single points of failure. “Decentralisation” is about far more than the blockchain. Using a blockchain and smart contracts is an entry-level requirement for DeFi: necessary but not sufficient.
No protocol can be considered decentralised if it includes back doors, whether built in deliberately like the “infinite mint” function (Yuno), or that exist inadvertently, like the rebase bug in Yam Finance. They’re not decentralised if individual developers or small groups control large amounts of funds, the theft of which will destroy the project.
Adequate decentralisation from the outset may be impossible, but what matters is that unnecessary centralisation – in all its forms – is eliminated as soon as possible.
This is what Ergo is seeking to do: Building decentralised applications on decentralised blockchain infrastructure, with a strong and independent community of developers, smart contracts that are safe to run and easy to audit, and using custom joint signatures to protect community-owned funds.
submitted by eleanorcwhite to cardano [link] [comments]

DeFi: Finance, but not always Decentralised?

As a recent blog post explored, DeFi – decentralised finance – can and will be used in whatever ways developers and the market see fit. This is the nature of open, decentralised systems. You can’t stop it, and there’s a very strong argument for saying we shouldn’t try. To restrict any element of DeFi, at least at the protocol level, is to introduce centralisation and single points of failure, thereby killing the core innovation by misguidedly trying to protect it.
But “decentralisation” is widely misunderstood. It is, first of all, not a binary matter: a project is not either “decentralised” or “centralised”. Decentralisation lies on a spectrum. One node in a blockchain “network” is centralised; Bitcoin, with many thousands of nodes in its network, is typically considered decentralised. At what point does the threshold between centralised and decentralised lie? 10, 100, 1,000 nodes?
Secondly, there are different types of decentralisation. A blockchain network might be decentralised, but its mining infrastructure may not be, especially if a few pools comprise 51% of hashrate. If there are very few exchanges, or active developers, these are also forms of centralisation and points of potential vulnerability.
DeFi’s recent failings of decentralisation
We have seen other forms of centralisation and failure in the DeFi space in recent weeks, suggesting that a significant proportion of DeFi cannot truly be considered Decentralised at all.
At least two recent DeFi projects (one a fork of the other, and clearly designed to appeal to yield farmers, with improbable gains promised), include an “infinite mint” function that poise the devs to carry out an exit scam, pulling the rug from under holders when it is most lucrative (if not timelocked). SushiSwap, a now-notorious clone of UniSwap, apparently suffered a similar exit scam when its founder Chef Nomi took $14 million from the dev fund – only to return it in what may have been genuine remorse, or possibly an act of theatre.
Many of the ‘new’ DeFi protocols are simply clones of existing dApps, making them akin to a Ponzi or HYIP scheme. It’s worse when the users, who pour millions of dollars into these smart contracts, don’t wait for an audit – as was the case with Yam Finance, which led to a bug that caused its token price to crash to zero.
The ruthless elimination of centralisation
DeFi is not DeFi when it contains any of the above single points of failure. “Decentralisation” is about far more than the blockchain. Using a blockchain and smart contracts is an entry-level requirement for DeFi: necessary but not sufficient.
No protocol can be considered decentralised if it includes back doors, whether built in deliberately like the “infinite mint” function (Yuno), or that exist inadvertently, like the rebase bug in Yam Finance. They’re not decentralised if individual developers or small groups control large amounts of funds, the theft of which will destroy the project.
Adequate decentralisation from the outset may be impossible, but what matters is that unnecessary centralisation – in all its forms – is eliminated as soon as possible.
This is what Ergo is seeking to do: Building decentralised applications on decentralised blockchain infrastructure, with a strong and independent community of developers, smart contracts that are safe to run and easy to audit, and using custom joint signatures to protect community-owned funds.
submitted by eleanorcwhite to CryptoCurrencies [link] [comments]

DeFi: Finance, but not always Decentralised?

As a recent blog post explored, DeFi – decentralised finance – can and will be used in whatever ways developers and the market see fit. This is the nature of open, decentralised systems. You can’t stop it, and there’s a very strong argument for saying we shouldn’t try. To restrict any element of DeFi, at least at the protocol level, is to introduce centralisation and single points of failure, thereby killing the core innovation by misguidedly trying to protect it.
But “decentralisation” is widely misunderstood. It is, first of all, not a binary matter: a project is not either “decentralised” or “centralised”. Decentralisation lies on a spectrum. One node in a blockchain “network” is centralised; Bitcoin, with many thousands of nodes in its network, is typically considered decentralised. At what point does the threshold between centralised and decentralised lie? 10, 100, 1,000 nodes?
Secondly, there are different types of decentralisation. A blockchain network might be decentralised, but its mining infrastructure may not be, especially if a few pools comprise 51% of hashrate. If there are very few exchanges, or active developers, these are also forms of centralisation and points of potential vulnerability.
DeFi’s recent failings of decentralisation
We have seen other forms of centralisation and failure in the DeFi space in recent weeks, suggesting that a significant proportion of DeFi cannot truly be considered Decentralised at all.
At least two recent DeFi projects (one a fork of the other, and clearly designed to appeal to yield farmers, with improbable gains promised), include an “infinite mint” function that poise the devs to carry out an exit scam, pulling the rug from under holders when it is most lucrative (if not timelocked). SushiSwap, a now-notorious clone of UniSwap, apparently suffered a similar exit scam when its founder Chef Nomi took $14 million from the dev fund – only to return it in what may have been genuine remorse, or possibly an act of theatre.
Many of the ‘new’ DeFi protocols are simply clones of existing dApps, making them akin to a Ponzi or HYIP scheme. It’s worse when the users, who pour millions of dollars into these smart contracts, don’t wait for an audit – as was the case with Yam Finance, which led to a bug that caused its token price to crash to zero.
The ruthless elimination of centralisation
DeFi is not DeFi when it contains any of the above single points of failure. “Decentralisation” is about far more than the blockchain. Using a blockchain and smart contracts is an entry-level requirement for DeFi: necessary but not sufficient.
No protocol can be considered decentralised if it includes back doors, whether built in deliberately like the “infinite mint” function (Yuno), or that exist inadvertently, like the rebase bug in Yam Finance. They’re not decentralised if individual developers or small groups control large amounts of funds, the theft of which will destroy the project.
Adequate decentralisation from the outset may be impossible, but what matters is that unnecessary centralisation – in all its forms – is eliminated as soon as possible.
This is what Ergo is seeking to do: Building decentralised applications on decentralised blockchain infrastructure, with a strong and independent community of developers, smart contracts that are safe to run and easy to audit, and using custom joint signatures to protect community-owned funds.
submitted by Guilty_Pea to CryptoMarkets [link] [comments]

DeFi: Finance, but not always Decentralised?

As a recent blog post explored, DeFi – decentralised finance – can and will be used in whatever ways developers and the market see fit. This is the nature of open, decentralised systems. You can’t stop it, and there’s a very strong argument for saying we shouldn’t try. To restrict any element of DeFi, at least at the protocol level, is to introduce centralisation and single points of failure, thereby killing the core innovation by misguidedly trying to protect it.
But “decentralisation” is widely misunderstood. It is, first of all, not a binary matter: a project is not either “decentralised” or “centralised”. Decentralisation lies on a spectrum. One node in a blockchain “network” is centralised; Bitcoin, with many thousands of nodes in its network, is typically considered decentralised. At what point does the threshold between centralised and decentralised lie? 10, 100, 1,000 nodes?
Secondly, there are different types of decentralisation. A blockchain network might be decentralised, but its mining infrastructure may not be, especially if a few pools comprise 51% of hashrate. If there are very few exchanges, or active developers, these are also forms of centralisation and points of potential vulnerability.
DeFi’s recent failings of decentralisation
We have seen other forms of centralisation and failure in the DeFi space in recent weeks, suggesting that a significant proportion of DeFi cannot truly be considered Decentralised at all.
At least two recent DeFi projects (one a fork of the other, and clearly designed to appeal to yield farmers, with improbable gains promised), include an “infinite mint” function that poise the devs to carry out an exit scam, pulling the rug from under holders when it is most lucrative (if not timelocked). SushiSwap, a now-notorious clone of UniSwap, apparently suffered a similar exit scam when its founder Chef Nomi took $14 million from the dev fund – only to return it in what may have been genuine remorse, or possibly an act of theatre.
Many of the ‘new’ DeFi protocols are simply clones of existing dApps, making them akin to a Ponzi or HYIP scheme. It’s worse when the users, who pour millions of dollars into these smart contracts, don’t wait for an audit – as was the case with Yam Finance, which led to a bug that caused its token price to crash to zero.
The ruthless elimination of centralisation
DeFi is not DeFi when it contains any of the above single points of failure. “Decentralisation” is about far more than the blockchain. Using a blockchain and smart contracts is an entry-level requirement for DeFi: necessary but not sufficient.
No protocol can be considered decentralised if it includes back doors, whether built in deliberately like the “infinite mint” function (Yuno), or that exist inadvertently, like the rebase bug in Yam Finance. They’re not decentralised if individual developers or small groups control large amounts of funds, the theft of which will destroy the project.
Adequate decentralisation from the outset may be impossible, but what matters is that unnecessary centralisation – in all its forms – is eliminated as soon as possible.
This is what Ergo is seeking to do: Building decentralised applications on decentralised blockchain infrastructure, with a strong and independent community of developers, smart contracts that are safe to run and easy to audit, and using custom joint signatures to protect community-owned funds.
submitted by Guilty_Pea to btc [link] [comments]

What is HYIP? Experience investing in HYIP


Hello newbie! Today, I will write some introduction about HYIP, this is the first article on my blog, it’s basic knowledge, anyone has joined some HYIP or investment program online will know about HYIP, but I want to leave this article to you — Beginner.
I hope this article will helpful have some basic knowledge about HYIP industry to win and get receive profit, let start and make money online with HYIP.

What is HYIP?

A high-yield investment program, also known as HYIP, which covers all programs, offline and online, that are used to invest money to receive a higher yield than you would normally get at a bank, from 5% to as much as 250% per month making it the top investment program. HYIPs accept investments that are as small as 10 USD and claims that they can provide high interest rates.
To generate a high return, HYIPs often involve investors’ money put into high-risk ventures, such as day-trading stocks or bonds, or sports betting. A Bitcoin HYIP can work the same, except with Bitcoin or another crypto as the investment currency

How do HIYPs work?

Starting off with an HYIP online is simple, since all you have to do is register with them and then deposit some money into your HYIP account using the payment processor that they outline. The profits are paid out to the same processor to streamline the process.
All transactions of HYIPs are done over the internet.
HYIPs use E- Currency in their transactions because it offers the most convenient payment system. E- Currency suits best HYIPs because it has a feature that allows easy withdrawal of money making it a good option for completing online transactions. Moreover, E- Currency is accepted all over the globe. Another factor that addresses the need of HYIP investors.

What do HYIPs do to make a profit?

The main sources of incomes in HYIP Programs are:
However, very few HYIP projects use Investor’s money to use real business as I listed above. Instead, they use the latter’s money to pay the previous person (Ponzi model), using funds to pay for marketing activities to expand the popularity of the project, attracting participants.
If you want to grow your HYIP business online then you need the most trustworthy HYIP website first. And the best quality HYIP template can give the real taste. 'Besthyiptemplate' is the most suitable place for HYIP template design and scripts. Our template design is the most helpful and high-quality product among all templates.

website : https://besthyiptemplate.com/buy-hyip-website
submitted by bestHYIPTemplate9 to DesignGuide [link] [comments]

Uniex.biz Review: 3%-7% daily for lifetime

Uniex.biz is an HYIP project which provides long term deposit plans. It has been online since 25th Jul 2019, and admin changed website template and investment plans three days ago. So what you see now is a completely new version. When this new version was online three days ago, admin began to promote it with more money on hyip monitors and blogs. Now let's see the details of it.
Started: 2019-07-25
Investment Plans
You have a chance to earn 3%-7% daily for lifetime, and principal is included. The minimum amount to buy power is 300 GH/s for SHA-256 algorithm, 20 MH/s for Scrypt algorithm and 3 MH/s for Ethash algorithm. Of course, the more power you buy, the more daily profit you will receive.
The minimum amount that you can transfer to your balance is set to be 0.001 BTC, 0.015 BCH, 0.03 ETH, 0.5 ETC, 0.1 LTC, 1500 Doge or 5 USD. Please keep in mind that if you send an amount that is less than the specified value, the transfer will not be credited to the balance. So be sure to reach the minimum amount. When replenish work is done, you can choose to "BUY THE POWER".
Referral Commissions(7%-1%)
Each mining power purchased by your direct partner (level 1 referral) will bring you 7% of its purchase amount. In addition, your tier 2 partners bring another 1% of each purchase. All rewards will be credited to the balance in the currency that was used for the purchase.
If you join under my link, then welcome to submit RCB request at the top of my website, I will give 7% of your deposits back to your wallet as soon as I receive the money.
Payment Options
Uniex.biz accepts Bitcoin, BitcoinCash, Ethereum, Eth Classic, Litecoin, Dogecoin, PerfectMoney and Payeer. You can use all of them to replenish account balance. In order to withdraw profits in USD, Uniex.biz implemented the function of exchanging the obtained cryptocurrency for USD. Enter the "Balance" section in your personal account and select the “Exchange” tab to exchange obtained currency for USD. Please note that the amount you can exchange must be equivalent to 0.10 USD or more. Exchange commission is 8%.
Withdrawal Type
Uniex has set a minimum withdrawal amount to be 0.001 BTC, 0.015 BCH, 0.03 ETH, 0.5 ETC, 0.1 LTC, 2000 Doge or 2.5 USD. Each user who invested in Uniex can order a withdrawal of profits as soon as the minimum amount reaches on his balance; The time for consideration of requests is up to 48 hours.
More Information
Uniex.biz now supports 12 languages, so you can choose the one which is suitable for you. For more news about it, you can follow their social media at the bottom of website, including Telegram, Twitter and Youtube.
Register: https://uniex.biz/?ref=YpvAG7
Read More: https://www.hyiper.net/blog/154.html
submitted by vipinvestor1988 to u/vipinvestor1988 [link] [comments]

Further Proof that Michael Patryn = Omar (Patryn) Dhanani - A Serial Scam Artist and Founder of QCX

New account created for privacy purposes. Don't trust me just follow the data.
This thread has been tugged on extensively but I wish to contribute some additional facts that are available for all for verification. Some links to get up to speed:

The M-Gold Connection
M-gold.com was a LibertyReserve money laundering operation that was seized by the US Justice Department (see https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/usao-sdny/legacy/2015/03/25/Liberty%20Reserve%2C%20et%20al.%20Related%20Exchanger%20Website%20Domain%20Names%20Redacted%20Filed%20Complaint%2013CV3565%20final%20with%20exhibits.pdf) and was accused of theft and fraud in online complaint forums. I have seen some links to **Omar'**s arrest in relation to this, but haven't been able to follow up.
If we do a historical domain search, we can see the historical registrar details of the seized m-gold.com domain. Unfortunately this is a paid service, but anyone can perform a domain history search to validate my claims. I have taken a screenshot of the results for convenience: http://i.imgur.com/pArRIhb.png
If we scroll on the right side down to admin phone number we see that as of February 21, 2015 the registered phone number was +1. 6043342662.
Michael Patryn previously listed his personal phone number on Quadriga Financial Services (http://www.quadrigafs.com) website. It has been removed, but luckily we still have historical records of the original website as proof: https://web.archive.org/web/20150314230537/http://quadrigafs.com:80/. This was the state of the website on March 14, 2015.
Click on the contact link and we see: Michael Patryn listing his phone number as the exact same phone number used to register M-Gold.com. Therefore we can confirm that M-Gold.com, which is the domain for Midas Gold Exchange Inc., was registered using the same phone number that Michael Patryn published himself. Based on previous research, we see that Midas Gold Exchange Inc. was registered to one Omar Patryn (see https://www.ic.gc.ca/app/sccc/CorporationsCanada/fdrlCrpDtls.html?corpId=6951198). You will also notice that the domain registration address for m-gold.com matches the official corporate address of Midas as further proof these are related.
This same phone number was also used to register HYIP (High Yield Investment Plans) sites to similarly defraud unsuspecting investors out of money:
Pyramid-type schemes are not new to Mr. Patryn. Which is why I feel strongly that this is very likely to have been a deliberate scheme, well planned and executed in advance.
If we examine the previously registered phone of m-gold.com from 2009 (+1.4036680199) we get a slew of other associated domains that are interesting to say the least. Again you need to pay for these kinds of searches, but anyone can verify my search results. Screenshot for convenience here http://i.imgur.com/rQhXLCW.png.
Given the amount of data accumulated so far, thanks to all the great people researching here, it should be undeniable that we are dealing with a career fraudster that really needs to be brought to justice. Just speculating here, but Gerald Cotton seems like more of a front man patsy for the operation. He had the clean name, clean record, and big smile. Omar "Michael Patryn" Dhanani took his name off the company to prevent these types of red flags coming up. Yet he retained ownership control through his corporation and partner (Lovie Homer) retaining majority stake. Since when did a holder of 40-60% of a company's shares have no involvement in that company?
I hope this helps out our cause and provides some new leads.

**Edit 1*\*
It was pointed out that Michael's self-published phone number is +1.6043342622 - as opposed to the m-gold.com phone number of +1.6043342662. This still seems far too close to be mere coincidence. It is especially bizarre that Omar Patryn registered the domain 'quadrigacoinexchange.com' using the same phone number as m-gold.com.
submitted by micryptopi to BitcoinCA [link] [comments]

selling hyip scripts

am selling hyip,douber and bitcoin exchange scripts.All made using php for just 0.03 BTC each wiyh admin panel included.If interested just contact me via telegram u/steveyout
submitted by steveyout to HYIP [link] [comments]

Gerald Cotten, aka Sceptre

Gerald Cotten, aka Sceptre
Using a variety of OSINT tools and research, we're going to demonstrate the chain of evidence confirming that Gerald Cotten, QuadrigaCX CEO, was also known as "Sceptre" online.

Let's start with the gerryenterprises.com name servers. Gerryenterprises.com was a domain registered by Cotten and used for custom name servers for a variety of domains. Using your own name servers instead of relatively inexpensive and powerful 3rd-party options (such as Cloudflare, which QuadrigaCX used) suggests you have other motives in mind, and perhaps obscuring or obfuscating logs attached to your domain/s were amongst them.

Using Domain Research Suite (paid sub required) we can trace all domains that ever used ns1.gerryenterprises.com as a name server. You can verify this for yourself.

https://preview.redd.it/xfsf1fk98xt21.png?width=2100&format=png&auto=webp&s=2a555e9ae07081269e5a5c9791e3a3fdd481e2ae
This search turns up a number of interesting domains, and one in particular - the "contentbysceptre.com" domain, which we can link to a post on BlackHatWorld, along with other data points from other domain research.

Let's have a closer look at some of those domains:

https://preview.redd.it/uavml56y8xt21.png?width=2100&format=png&auto=webp&s=b37d9dad06bd11f1af3f0e4d8c5ec8a545c2c572
OK, so they have all clearly been registered to Gerald Cotten.

Let's take a closer look at the BlackHatWorld posts and profile:
https://preview.redd.it/8wuhj4s29xt21.png?width=2100&format=png&auto=webp&s=9a84e85f4ef9b395453485d2bc5fce385b1fd4cd

From this we can deduce the following:

  1. Cotten registered and ran the gerryenterprises.com name servers, both for his own domains and a number of friends and associateds, such as:
    1. Patryn (vfs-securities.com, michaelpatryn.com)
    2. Christine Lako, his ex-girlfriend (schnugglebunny.com)
    3. Nicky Correa, his friend (nickycorrea.com, studioimpression.com)
  2. He also ran a number of his own domains through this server, such as:
    1. Allergictocorn.com
    2. Barbara-corcoran.com
    3. Canadian-airport-guide.com
    4. Cooltripbro.com
    5. Hide-your-ip.org
    6. Howdoihidemyip.com
    7. Etc. and many others
  3. From other research and domain analysis, we know Cotten had a number of “Sceptre” email addresses, including
    1. [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
    2. [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
    3. [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
    4. [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
  4. These email addresses were used on domain registrations, forums, payment processors, and a variety of services linking back to Gerald Cotten (more on this later)
  5. Given the preponderance of inexpensive, cheap and more powerful options for name servers (such as Cloudflare, which was used by QuadrigaCX), and Cotten’s preoccupation with security, using proxy services and hiding his IP we can assume this would have been primarily for security reasons
  6. Cotten used the “contentbysceptre.com” domain in connection with his “Sceptre’s Spectacular Content Services” on BlackHatWorld
  7. Cotten posted an advertisement on Blackhatworld for a programmer for a “Website like Bitstamp”, which was just a few months prior to launching QuadrigaCX in December 2013. It’s a short timeframe but we know it fits because QuadrigaCX uses the generic WLOX exchange script, which dramatically reduces the work required to build a crypto exchange (Note: we didn’t say a great crypto exchange). This is mentioned in a post on coinforum.ca where user @yerofeyev admits that another exchange, Taurs (founded with PATRYN, mentioned earlier) uses Quadriga code based on WLOX. Strangely that thread is no longer accessible (https://coinforum.ca/discussion/2448/taurs-soft-launch) as the whole coinforum.ca website has been mysteriously shut down in the last few days
  8. Cotten posted a number of threads asking for advice on how to monetise his network of sites, includijg the aforementioned proxy sites, and his celebrity news sites, including celebritydaily.net. Here’s the link to that post as well “BHW - Hiring Celebrity Article Writer”
  9. Cotten’s profile on BlackHatWorld was initially Sceptre and later changed to “Murodch1337” , perhaps after QuadrigaCX began to become popular and he realised he might need to conceal links to his past. Link to Cottens BlackHatWorld profile here: https://www.blackhatworld.com/members/murdoch1337.273596/
  10. Patryn was also active on BlackHatWorld, and posted to the following thread “10K budget need suggestions on passive income streams - help”, suggesting “HYIPs are investment scams promising returns of 5-20% weekly, generally.” You can view that thread here: https://www.blackhatworld.com/seo/10k-budget-need-suggestions-on-passive-income-streams-help.548790/page-4
  11. We know form other research and analysis that both Sceptre and Patryn were highly active in the HYIP/Ponzi/exchanger space (more on this later)
  12. In conclusion, we believe that Gerald Cotten, QuadrigaCX CEO, was known as "Sceptre" on BlackHatWorld and other sites.

This has been a QCXINT release. If you have more information regarding QuadrigaCX, Michael Patryn (aka Omar Patryn, Omar Dhanini, Voleur), Gerald Cotten (aka Sceptre), please send to [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) . Your submission will be 100% confidential.

Update 23/04: Reddit dropped the entire post whilst editing so it had to be re-uploaded.
  1. Added link to Freelancer post by Cotten: https://www.freelancer.com/projects/bitcoin-related-project/ showing his skype (gerrywc) and "Sceptre" email ([[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]))
  2. There is also a crosspost for the "Bitstamp clone" BHW post here: https://www.freelancer.com/projects/PHP-Website-Design/Bitstamp-Clone-Bitcoin-Trading-Platform/ using exactly the same text.
  3. This further confirms that Gerald Cotten was the poster on Freelancer (as he includes his Skype and email address) and Sceptre/Murdoch1337 on BlackHatWorld

https://preview.redd.it/f0hyq9o7axt21.jpg?width=1233&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=c019aca89823c78717a5345d17194d7f1c14fceb
submitted by QCXINT to QuadrigaCX2 [link] [comments]

Eos finally found its killer dapp.

Eos continues to be a goldmine of comedy gold and madness. I found something amazing by chance. I can't believe this thing went under our radar for so long! We need more EOS deep delvers. I visited dappradar today to check the state of the dapps and obviously most of them were either games, exchanges, gambling or classified as "high-risk" (hot potato games, ponzi schemes and hyips) so only the "other" category is interesting. Eos entered an airdrop mania phase some time ago and new terrible dapp ideas rise every so often (my favorite was selling dna on the blockchain but Karma is even beter) so it's slightly more diverse than eth that consolidated around boring stuff.
The innovation is happening on Eos now. Meet Karma.
KARMA is a decentralized application built on EOSIO that rewards people for doing good things in the world via an in-app token.
I couldn't pass up the opportunity to check it out. Can you imagine? A dedicated token for rewarding people for being nice. How could we live without this for sooooooooooooooo long? That's crazy!
Their slogans:
Anyway, their rationale is this:
Every single day billions of humans interact with one another. Broadly speaking, the majority of these interactions are positive. Creating a reward system for these actions through tokenization will be the fuel needed for the exponential growth of human good towards one another.
KARMA will create a borderless ecosystem incentivizing individuals to take daily actions towards the betterment of society.
Can you imagine? A financial incentive to be DECENT to each other ON A DAILY BASIS, this will change EVERYTHING! The world is not anymore it used to be! Mmm, mmm, no no no! Also how come we didn't monetize basic human interactions yet?
So cryptolibertarians are so hellbent on tokenizing everything and micropayments for everything they decided they want to tokenize altruism, helping others and...basic human decency? On the blockchain? Looks like a joke from totallynotrobots but it's serious instead. Remember that time you helped your friend with house renovation but in turn he only picked up your children from school several times when you were busy? If there was such thing as social credit you could evaluate his contribution in quantifiable numbers of tokens and them after he returned the favor substract his contribution from his "debt" and keep the exact change for some other time. This is so fucking revolutionary how come human civilization never thought about it before? Don't be a selfless sucker, help your colleagues only if they accumulated enough karma from helping YOU.
After decades of combined experience in Marketing & Development, our team is focused on creating a world-changing DAPP that will change the way we interact with each other.
Yeah, imagine, we start quantifying every single random act of kindness without missing anything thanks to tokenized human relationship. World changing. Don't leave your home without phone, you don't wanna miss that sweet, sweet karma for helping a stranger asking for directions or something.
All it takes is to convince your girlfriend, your pals, your family and friends and coworkers to complete this easy and seamless 20-step (or more, who knows, this is crypto) process of buying crypto, getting verified on exchanges, exchanging their bitcoins for eos on other exchanges, becoming accustomed with eos ecosystem, economy, limited network resources and wallets, paying for eos account, installing extensions and configuring them and finally acquiring the token in question and using it now! Also a quick rundown about private keys, blockchains, immutability and rudimentary opsec. Piece of cake. So simple a child could do it.
In fact I'm gonna say it right now, if a parent won't setup a Karma account for their child in the next 5 years they'll be considered out of touch and neglectful. Do you want your kid to be that loser who doesn't accumulate favors on decentralized, transparent, public, append only ledger? Nobody will ever do anything for him/her if they won't acquire trustless proof that they did something good for society and are owed some Karma.
Alternatively imagine you did something good for your friend but he died or maybe you're not on good terms anymore. In the old world you'll be shit out of luck but if enough people start using Karma you can start cashing out favors and good deeds done for him using someone else. No value is lost! Cmon, this is new paradigm of human relationships. How could we be this blind for so long? You can own of your own good deed tokens on a public blockchain and use them accordingly!
Karma. Being kind, but on a blockchain.
submitted by Cthulhooo to Buttcoin [link] [comments]

Unitex-capital.com Review: 2.5% each working day for 78 working days and principal included

In this article, I will introduce Unitex-capital.com which started on 27th Feb, 2020. It provides medium and long term deposit plans, and you can break even as soon as 18 working days. The program is advertised by an investor who is also my friend during past years in HYIP industry. Both my former withdrawal requests were processed successfully into my wallet. Now let’s see the details of it.
Started: 27th Feb 2020
My deposits: $250
The amount of 250 USD has been withdrawn from your account. Accounts: U3869878->U22539007. Memo: Shopping Cart Payment. deposit hyiper.. Date: 03:52 29.02.20. Batch: 304807662
Investment Plans
  1. Deposit 50–499 dollars, earn 1.3% each working day for 18 working days and principal back
  2. Deposit 500–2999 dollars, earn 1.6% each working day for 28 working days and principal back
  3. Deposit 3000–9999 dollars, earn 1.8% each working day for 35 working days and principal back
  4. Deposit 0.01–4.99 BTC, earn 2.5% each working day for 78 working days and principal included
  5. Deposit 1–249 ETH, earn 2.5% each working day for 78 working days and principal included
These are only parts of the plans Unitex-capital.com provides. If you want to know more, you can register an account and see the details from your panel. Different ecurrencies have different plans. For crypto investment, you will earn crypto profit without exchange. For example, if you deposit 1 BTC, then you will earn 0.025 BTC every day. For USD investment, you can withdraw profit from different payment options, for example, if you deposit through Payeer, then you can withdraw profit to PerfectMoney account.
Referral Commissions
Unitex-capital.com divides promoters into 8 ranks below:
  1. Start: no personal and structural turnover required(4%-2%-1%-1%)
  2. Partner: personal $100, structural $50000(5%-3%-1%-1%-1%)
  3. Agent: personal $1000, structural $200000(6%-4%-2%-2%-1%-1%)
  4. Manager: personal $5000, structural $800000(7%-4%-2%-2%-1%-1%-1%)
  5. Director: personal $10000, structural $2500000(8%-5%-2%-2%-1%-1%-1%-1%)
  6. Gold: personal $15000, structural $8000000(9%-6%-3%-2%-2%-1%-1%-1%-1%)
  7. Platinum: personal $20000, structural $15000000(9%-6%-4%-3%-2%-1%-1%-1%-1%-1%)
  8. VIP: personal $30000, structural $30000000(10%-7%-5%-4%-3%-2%-1%-1%-1%-1%-1%)
The referral system developed is based on the static use of partnership levels (statuses) already achieved by a partner of Unitex Capital. It is the most equitable and progressive system of partnership, the essence of which is that the achieved personal turnover of investments of any client as well as achieved turnover of its partner structure will not decrease when some deposits are completed. Thus, partner statuses will only grow as long as personal and structural turnover of each customer grows. At the same time, regardless of the level of partner structure 100% of the nominal value of any partner deposit will be taken into account in the structural turnover.
Payment Options
Unitex-capital.com accepts PerfectMoney, Payeer, Bitcoin, Litecoin and Ethereum.
Withdrawal Type
All payment requests will be completed within 48 hours.
More Information
Unitex-capital.com designs an original template for its website, and it supports 9 languages currently which are already enough for globally investors. Unitex-capital.com registered a New Zealand investment company which can be check on their “About us” page.
If you want to communicate with admin directly, you can add their social accounts at top of the website or make a phone(+6448881363).
Register: https://unitex-capital.com/?ref=h8KkxSdcU1WXEBv
Read More: https://www.hyiper.net/blog/144.html
submitted by vipinvestor1988 to u/vipinvestor1988 [link] [comments]

DARICO

The modern economy is developing at an unprecedented pace and not everyone is able to keep up with them. The usual economic mechanisms are replaced by more efficient new ones. The modern digital industry that has replaced traditional economic instruments has a number of undoubted advantages, especially manifested when working with currency, as a result of which it has taken its rightful place in the global economic system with confidence.
With the help of Darico, it will be much easier for users to monitor their funds, carry out exchange trading and investments, invest in profitable projects, pay for goods and services using an electronic wallet.
The system will help its users to correctly make the best choice on what to spend their earned cryptocurrency assets.
Beginning investors often experience significant difficulties in choosing new projects when it is difficult to objectively evaluate its future prospects and at the same time not to run into another scam or hyip.
To this end, the Darico project team made a serious analysis of the current state of crypto - the currency industry, proposing a new version of the platform, which will contain convenient tools for high-grade work in the digital economy. The project is intended for all categories of users from experienced investors to those who are just starting their activities in this area.
The Darico terminal will be used as a convenient user interface, through which users will interact with the platform. Through it, all operations with digital assets can be carried out and users can be sure that everything will be fine with the safety and reliability of operations.
For those users who can acquire the tokens of the company through crowdfunding, there will be an opportunity for full access to the platform. For them it will be possible to use:
- ecosystem's inner wallet;
- cards;
- full functionality of the crypto - exchanger;
- access to index fund and reserves.

The platform has all the features and working functionality so that you can fully work with digital assets. To do this, there is no need to look for any necessary tools on the side, everything is collected on one safe and secure site. With the advent of Darico, working with crypto will make currency assets much easier.
More about the main components of the platform:
Wallet, all crypto - currency transactions are carried out in a secure mode, the functionality has the ability to connect other crypto - currency wallets.
A debit card allows you to store digital assets on it, and not just in your wallet. It is possible to cash the card or pay with its help through the terminals in the store.
Index Fund. Each user has access to a personal diversified crypto - the currency portfolio, which will be controlled by the investor himself.
Using the terminal as a control center for the entire ecosystem allows you to get instant access to the crypto wallet, crypto exchanger and index fund. Through it to you all market and stock reports, latest economic news will be collected.
Thanks to the liquidity reserve, it is possible to save cryptocurrencies - bitcoin, esters and gold, which serve to support the liquidity of the platform cryptocurrency and the ecosystem as a whole.
Access to the internal crypto exchanger can be easily installed via the system terminal. With the help of a flexible and convenient functionality through the exchange service, it is possible to quickly and effortlessly carry out deposit or withdrawal of funds, exchange with other clients of the platform. In addition, using the exchanger, you can carry out operations not only in digital currency, but also to work with Fiat.
Website: https://darico.io/ru/
submitted by DenisGra to Darico [link] [comments]

The research was revealed the names of the most manipulated cryptocurrency’s in Twitter

The research was revealed the names of the most manipulated cryptocurrency’s in Twitter

https://preview.redd.it/kpye99rcash31.png?width=990&format=png&auto=webp&s=75bede3404697cb2dc3600625ca3ef18e9b9a00d
The TIE analytical platform conducted an investigation and published the results of the research, finding out the names of cryptocurrencies that are most often manipulated on Twitter using bots and information stuffing.
Analytics platform The TIE studied mention 450 cryptocurrency on Twitter. Taking the cut-off line coefficient of 1.02 tweets per $1 million of trading volume, they found out which cryptocurrencies are most often used for the pump Twitter.
Cryptocurrency, the least prone to stuffing on Twitter, was stablecoin Tether. Despite conflicting and often negative reputation, the Tether has a coefficient of HYIP on Twitter at the level of only 0.003. Other cryptocurrencies - EOS (0,008), Ethereum Classic (0,158), Cosmos (0,230), NEO (0,231) and Tron (0,544) - are not mentioned in the marketing campaigns on Twitter aimed at pumping the rate.
Most often in the pampovyh information campaigns on Twitter mentioned three cryptocurrencies - TokenPay (911.1 tweets for $1 million trading volume), Electroneum (678.8) and Dragonchain (505.3). In HYIP around these cryptocurrencies are actively involved account bots, fake followers and other manipulative tools. For comparison, the project Electroneum on Twitter 127 000 subscribers, while one of the most popular crypto-exchanges in the world BitMEX - only 65 000.
Of the top 10 cryptocurrencies, the most pumped token on Twitter was Ripple (XRP). The ratio of mentions on Twitter to $1 million trading volume was 4.07 points, and sometimes the figure increased to 6.6 points.
Bitcoin was just above the cut-off line, receiving a coefficient of 1.72 points, that is, the rate of the crypto currency is subject to information stuffing on Twitter, but not as much as ripple.
#News #TheTIE #Research #Twitter #Cryptocurrency #Crypto #Bots #Manipulation
submitted by QBEXCHANE to u/QBEXCHANE [link] [comments]

Breaking: TaaS team has strong links to suspected Ponzi Scheme

UPDATE: Due to overwhelming community demand, we have decided to release the entirety of the TaaS report for free to further substantiate our findings. You can download it here: https://www.icoalert.com/special-ico-alert-report-taas
This is going to be a long post, but the information contained within is of great importance to the cryptocurrency community.
My name is Rob, and I'm the Founder of ICO Alert, a comprehensive list of all active and upcoming cryptocurrency Initial Coin Offerings.
You may know me from my posts about the launch of ICO Alert, or about that time someone accidentally sent 32 ETH to the ICO Alert donation address.
We recently launched an ICO Report feature that provides in-depth analysis of upcoming ICOs so that you can determine which are worth investing in. During our analysis of TaaS, a tokenized closed-end fund, we stumbled upon some shocking connections. We found that many of the TaaS team members are directly linked to Bitup, a suspected ponzi scheme. In addition, we found huge holes in the cryptographic audit TaaS plans to employ that could jeopardize the sustainability and solvency of the entire fund.
We usually charge a small fee (0.2 ETH / $10) for our reports, but decided that we cannot in good conscience keep the most shocking revelations from the TaaS Report behind a paywall. We believe it is our obligation to the community to distribute this information since the entire TaaS fund may be a scam. You can still purchase the 32 page detailed report here if you'd like, but many of the main revelations are posted below:
The TaaS team and their links to Bitup, a High Yield Investment Platform (aka Ponzi Scheme)
Our research has identified deep connections between the four founding members of the TaaS project — Ruslan Gavrilyuk, Konstantin Pysarenko, Maksym Muratov, and Dimitri Chupryna — and the #bitup investment platform. Several aspects of the Bitup platform resemble strongly characteristics and activities of High Yield Investment Platforms, more commonly known Ponzi Schemes. Bitup advertises fixed daily returns that are not dependent on market or investment performance; users are also offered a percentage of the total investment deposited into the fund by new users they refer. These are the typical characteristics of a ponzi scheme.
Individuals who have been involved in the cryptocurrency space for any meaningful duration will quickly identify the Bitup platform as one of many HYIP (High Yield Investment Programs) Ponzi Schemes developed to defraud new entrants into unregulated markets.
Konstantin Pysarenko
Konstantin Pysarenko, the Vice President of the TaaS project, lists experience in founding ‘several startups around the world in food manufacturing, geological oil and gas surveying, and international aviation sales’. Our research struggled to verify these claims as only previously discussed Geo–Earth Resources and Bitup were listed on Mr. Pysarenko’s Linkedin page; deeper inquiry, however, did yield some further information regarding Mr. Pysarenko’s previous work experience.
According to both Mr. Pysarenko’s profile on the TaaS Executive Team and Linkedin page, Konstaintin graduated from the University of Buckingham in 2011 with a degree in Entrepreneurship. Leveraging this information, our research uncovered two profiles of Mr. Pysarenko that appear to align with his given educational timeline and stated work experience5, both written in the first person (indicating Mr. Pysarenko himself prepared the profiles) — one while studying at the University of Buckingham, the other subsequent to the completion of his studies.
Here Mr. Pysarenko indicates that his experience includes publishing, perishable import/export, printing services, cigarette manufacture, and some involvement with aviation sales via his father’s business. Food manufacturing, as stated in Konstantin’s TaaS bio, appears to consist of flour exports and tea imports to and from Africa; no mention is made of experience in geological oil and gas surveying, and international aviation sales appear to be based on involvement with Mr. Pysarenko’s family business. No verifiable indication is given that any of these positions were held at any point in the past or currently in the capacity of a founder, and in the case of aviation sales we believe there is a strong indication that Mr. Pysarenko was explicitly not a founder in any capacity.
Ruslan Gavrilyuk
Mr. Gavrilyuk’s bio on the TaaS Executive Team indicates experience ‘found- ing and managing projects in geosciences, mobile money solutions, oil and gas operations, precious metal mining, sports and fashion’. Our research has been unable to verify any of these assertions; Mr. Gavrilyuk’s LinkedIn page indicates (excluding TaaS) only founding involvement with Geo–Earth Resources and Bitup that are not indicated on either organization’s website or anywhere else. We find the total lack of verifiable connections between any of Mr. Gavrilyuk’s stated experience or credentials to be one the most alarming revelations uncovered from our research.
Bitup Financial Analysis
In July 2016 Bitup began publishing reports outlining their portfolio alloca- tions, trading activities, and general analysis of the cryptocurrency space. These documents list the coins on Bitup traded on the Poloniex market, and some (not all) give the opening and closing dates of particular trades. Documents also list the total monthly portfolio allocation for each coin traded.
Our researchers analyzed the daily volume in BTC for those coins on trades where entry or exit dates are provided and identified those dates on which volume was so low that calculations for the total value of the portfolio allocation for a particular coin could be calculated by generously assuming the full 24 hour daily volume17 represented only the trade conducted by Bitup. This calculation does not give an accurate estimate of the actual AUM of the Bitup trading portfolio, but it does enable us to understand (assuming the portfolio allocation statistics are correct) the maximum possible value of the portfolio on a given date. Deeper analysis of the Bitup Financial statements can be found in the full report under Appendix B: Bitup Financial Analysis.
This analysis indicates that as late October 9th, 2016, Bitup had no more than $60,000 AUM across their entire trading portfolio. In particular, a trade opened by Bitup traders on Nautiliscoin (NAUT) on October 9th accounted for 20% of the total portfolio allocation for the month of October. Volume on Poloniex for the entire 24 hour period of October 9th was 18.82 BTC, and the Bitcoin closing price was $614.62. Attributing all trading volume for the 24 hours of October 9th to Bitup (a wildly generous assumption), the total daily volume USD equivalent comes to $11,567.15. If this value represents 20% of the Bitup trading portfolio, the total value of the portfolio can be calculated at $57,835.74. Again, this uses a nearly impossible assumption of attributing all of the day’s volume to one trade, so the true AUM is very likely substantially less than what has been calculated here.
If the four founding members of the TaaS platform are as deeply involved with the development and operation of the Bitup platform as our research suggests, at the very least questions are raised about the ability of the Bitup, and therefore TaaS, trading team to manage investments and trading strategies involving 1,000 times the AUM they managed at Bitup, as they will be at TaaS. More broadly, any one team member’s involvement with this type of cryptocur- rency HYIP Ponzi scheme should be cause for concern. With four co–founders involved, it is difficult to deny at very least the appearance that TaaS is an extension or evolution of the Bitup project, with remarkably higher AUM and the substantial investment management challenges that entails. Risks of slippage on trades (when acquiring large positions rapidly drive up the price of the asset, limiting potential profitability) and a simple lack of liquidity sufficient to exit positions at profitable prices represent just a few of those challenges.
Trading Methodology & Cryptographic Audit
Our analysis revealed several inconsistencies and very few indications that the author of the TaaS white paper or the TaaS team at large have an understanding of the challenges associated with successfully investing millions of dollars of AUM.
Our analysis leads us to believe that the Cryptographic Audit technology be- ing developed by TaaS is being leveraged to obfuscate and deflect questions regarding the true nature of the TaaS trading methodology, while also representing a grave risk to the profitability of the fund. Nevertheless, we believe the Cryptographic Audit technology is the only software actually in development by the TaaS team and represents the only value investors can realistically expect to gain from the TaaS project.
The Cryptographic Audit section of the TaaS whitepaper very strongly appears to have been prepared by a different individual than the rest of the document; the formatting is substantially improved, the charts and diagrams are filled with information (in contrast to the glaring lack of information in the ‘Trading Methodology’ section), the English grammar and vocabulary are substantially improved, and the use of footnotes is liberal and meaningful.
We believe the proposed Auditable Exchange Accounts development and implementation represent extraordinary risks to the success of the TaaS trading methodology and the project as a whole. A system that reveals to anyone, at any time, the specific trading actions being performed by any investor or fund with a substantially large portfolio is nothing short of an invitation for every enterprising individual investor, other trading outfits,experienced algorithmic trader, or youngster with a Poloniex bot and copious free time to create trading strategies developed exclusively to siphon money from the TaaS fund as effectively as can possibly be devised. The risks of front running predicted positions, pumps and dumps during accumulation, or any number of other actions competing traders can use to negatively impact the TaaS methodology (whatever it turns out to be) are dangerously and shockingly amplified if every detail of every trade is made available in the way being described in the Auditable Exchange Accounts implementation. Leaving aside any other improprieties identified through our research, this oversight alone indicates to our analysis a risk so great to invested capital and the project as a whole that we could never in good conscious recommend purchasing TaaS tokens or becoming involved with the TaaS project in any capacity.
Closing
While this is obviously a tremendous amount of information to process and digest, there is a significant amount of information not included here, but included in the full report, that further substantiates these claims and also links the TaaS team members to a mysterious Geo-Earth Resources based in Lagos, Nigeria.
The implications of this report are shocking, and one that we do not take lightly. We have completed this report as quickly as possible due to the severity of the matter, and have decided to release this significant portion of the report to the community, as we believe we have an obligation to do so.
Relevant Links:
https://www.icoalert.com/
https://www.icoalert.com/special-ico-alert-report-taas
Sources:
https://www.linkedin.com/in/ruslan-gavrilyuk/
https://www.linkedin.com/in/konstantin-pysarenko-b1a40b51/
http://geo-earth.biz/index.html
https://bitup.io/
https://www.sec.gov/investoalerts/ia_virtualcurrencies.pdf
https://bitup.io/faq
https://bitup.io/terms
https://www.linkedin.com/in/nixoid/
https://www.linkedin.com/in/andriydubetsky/
http://idcee.org/p/andriy-dubetsky/
http://en.pcg-conference.com.ua/speakers/view/65/
submitted by zebrahat to ethtrader [link] [comments]

Omar Michael Patryn's Domains and Evidence of Criminality

This post was originally gaining traction on /BitcoinCA until it was removed. Posting here because I believe the data is important in establishing criminal background for the shareholders of QCX.

The M-Gold Connection
M-gold.com was a LibertyReserve money laundering operation that was seized by the US Justice Department (see https://www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/usao-sdny/legacy/2015/03/25/Liberty%20Reserve%2C%20et%20al.%20Related%20Exchanger%20Website%20Domain%20Names%20Redacted%20Filed%20Complaint%2013CV3565%20final%20with%20exhibits.pdf) and was accused of theft and fraud in online complaint forums. I have seen some links to Omar's arrest in relation to this, but haven't been able to follow up.
If we do a historical domain search, we can see the historical registrar details of the seized m-gold.com domain. Unfortunately this is a paid service, but anyone can perform a domain history search to validate my claims. I have taken a screenshot of the results for convenience: http://i.imgur.com/pArRIhb.png
If we scroll on the right side down to admin phone number we see that as of February 21, 2015 the registered phone number was +1. 6043342662.
Michael Patryn previously listed his personal phone number on Quadriga Financial Services(http://www.quadrigafs.com) website. It has been removed, but luckily we still have historical records of the original website as proof: https://web.archive.org/web/20150314230537/http://quadrigafs.com:80/. This was the state of the website on March 14, 2015.
Click on the contact link and we see: Michael Patryn listing his phone number as +1. 6043342622. This is one digit off and very easily a typo or intentional minor change. Coincidence? If we examine the previously registered phone of m-gold.com from 2009 (+1.4036680199) we get a slew of other associated domains that are interesting to say the least. Again you need to pay for these kinds of searches, but anyone can verify my search results. Screenshot for convenience here http://i.imgur.com/rQhXLCW.png.
If coincidence, why would Omar register the domain 'quadrigacoinexchange.com'? Based on previous research, we see that Midas Gold Exchange Inc. was registered to one Omar Patryn (see https://www.ic.gc.ca/app/sccc/CorporationsCanada/fdrlCrpDtls.html?corpId=6951198). You will also notice that the domain registration address for m-gold.com matches the official corporate address of Midas as further proof these are related.
Omar Patryn is a known alias of convicted felon Omar Dhanani (see https://imgur.com/a/N1Nim38). Michael Patryn and Nazim Dhanani (suspected to be Omar Dhanani's father) had a business together in Vancouver and registered the same residential address for this business. Coincidence after coincidence.
This same phone number was also used for m-gold.com was also used to register HYIP (High Yield Investment Plans) sites to similarly defraud unsuspecting investors out of money:
Pyramid-type schemes are not new to Mr. Patryn. Which is why I feel strongly that this is very likely to have been a deliberate scheme, well planned and executed in advance.
Given the amount of data accumulated so far, thanks to all the great people researching here, it should be undeniable that we are dealing with a career fraudster that really needs to be brought to justice. Just speculating here, but Gerald Cotton seems like more of a front man patsy for the operation. He had the clean name, clean record, and big smile. Omar "Michael Patryn" Dhanani took his name off the company to prevent these types of red flags coming up. Yet he retained ownership control through his corporation and partner (Lovie Homer) retaining majority stake. Since when did a holder of 40-60% of a company's shares have no involvement in that company?
I hope this helps out our cause and provides some new leads.
submitted by micryptopi to QuadrigaCX2 [link] [comments]

What Are the Biggest Alleged Crypto Heists and How Much Was Stolen?

What Are the Biggest Alleged Crypto Heists and How Much Was Stolen?
https://preview.redd.it/svrbgh5fcyg31.jpg?width=2000&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=9d5b11523cdd8873d37becbef5726d68dc821460

As the appeal of cryptocurrency has grown, so has the opportunity for scammers to part naive investors from their money. 2019 has been no exception, with cryptocurrency and blockchain forensics company Ciphertrace dubbing it “the year of the exit scam.”
Exit scams are not a new phenomenon, with a 2018 report conducted by Statis Group revealing over 80% of initial coin offerings (ICOs) in that year to have been fraudulent. Here, Cointelegraph explains exit scams and how to spot them, as well as a look at some of the biggest scams that have been discovered by various researchers.

What are exit scams?

The premise of cryptocurrency is simple, a new ICO launches, claiming to offer lucrative returns for investors. Investors can’t believe their luck and clamor to buy in. The business runs for some time on the back of the invested capital, but, sooner or later, disaster strikes and the company shuts down, often with no explanation.
After a while, it becomes obvious that the company is gone for good, along with the invested funds. The poisoned chalice of crypto’s decentralized nature often means that investors are left in the dark when trying to recoup or trace their pilfered funds.

How to spot an exit scam

Many exit scams have tell-tale signs that investors should look out for. The financial content site Investopedia has a handy list of key characteristics.
First, exit scams often have inconsistent or misleading information about the team behind the project. When scouting potential investment opportunities, investors should scour for information on key members of any ICO.
It’s important to remember that online credibility can be faked by purchasing likes, profiles and followers on social media. Celebrity endorsements with verified accounts could also ring alarm bells for investors. A fake Twitter account purporting to be Elon Musk, with a supposedly verified twitter account, raised over $155,000 as part of a 2018 Bitcoin scam.
Investors should verify the credentials of backers, team leaders and promoters of cryptocurrency projects. Although individuals may seem to be legitimate at first glance, brand new social mediaprofiles and few followers or connections should raise eyebrows.
The most significant characteristic unifying exit scams in cryptocurrency is the promise of a huge return on investment (ROI) — chances are that it’s probably too good to be true. Investors should always look through even the smallest details of what they are required to invest and what the company purports to be able to give back to them.
ICOs usually come with a white paper, setting out the design details of the project along with a business plan and other information. Investors should pursue all available information for ICOs, as any vagueness in the white papers should signal a big red flag.
When investing in an ICO, it’s vital to get an understanding of the business model. Investopdia writes that anything powered by concept alone should be a warning to anyone tempted to buy in. Although cryptocurrency projects can and do launch off the back of technological advances, investors should be wary of projects looking to gather millions of dollars before taking a sober look at the project’s ability to return the investment from the published information.
Heavy promotion of an upcoming ICO can also be a sign of an exit scam. Past scams have employed bloggers to promote via numerous forums. Ads both online and in print media could also be suspicious.

$2.9 billion PlusToken scam could be largest exit scam ever

A 2019 report shared with Cointelegraph by the cryptocurrency and blockchain forensics company Ciphertrace dubbed 2019 the year of the exit scam and highlighted the billions of dollars stolen in multiple scams this year alone.
The report shines a light on what, if confirmed, could be the biggest crypto scam ever, with an estimated loss of around $2.9 billion after Chinese police uncovered an alleged Ponzi schemeinvolving the South Korean wallet provider and exchange PlusToken. Although more is being uncovered about PlusToken, mystery still surrounds the key events.
Ciphertrace reports that the platform has enshrouded several Chinese nationals, the government of Vanuatu, the Chinese police and the company’s co-founders — a South Korean man operating under the alias of “Kim Jung Un” and a Russian known only as “Leo.” The alleged PlusToken scam centers around an app with which the wallet provider claimed investors could invest in PlusToken (PLUS).
According to the report, the firm claimed that the token, based on the Ethereum blockchain, was developed by a major technology company. PlusToken is also said to have falsely stated that it could deliver wallet holders an ROI of between 8% and 16% per month, with a minimum deposit of $500 in crypto assets.
Ciphertrace also reported that no verifiable source of revenue existed other than the proceeds from new membership. Those were onboarded per the traditional method of a Ponzi scheme, which require a constant stream of new investment in order to support its semblance of growth. Investors were incentivized to recommend new users with an invitation, which was the only way to join.
Although this was enough for some members to dismiss the legitimacy of the project outright, Leo, the company’s co-founder, published a press release that claimed he had met with Prince Charles, the future head of the English royal family, providing photos as proof. Ciphertrust reported that it had contacted the Prince Charles Foundation, which confirmed that Leo had indeed attended the event, but would not provide other information about the individual due to European Union General Data Protection Regulation, or GDPR.
PlusToken’s fate was seemingly sealed on June 28, after members of the Chinese police touched down in Vanuatu, detained six people involved with the project and extradited them back to mainland China. Ciphertrace reported that the so-called “PlusToken Six” were either Vanuatu citizens or applying for citizenship at the time of their arrest.
Soon after, PlusToken members found that they were unable to withdraw funds from their accounts. Customers were informed that withdrawals via the app were frozen due to “technical difficulties.” By June 20, the PlusToken app had ceased operations due to purported system maintenance.
For investors, there seems to be no secure lead on the final resting place of the allegedly billions of dollars of stolen funds. The Chinese government has yet to comment. A July 12 post from PlusToken stated that the six Chinese individuals were simply service users and not actually involved with the running of the company itself, stating that users should ignore the rumors and not try to log in until they receive confirmation that the servers are back online.

Pincoin

On April 9, 2018, two ICOs — iFan and Pincoin — operating under the umbrella of company Modern Tech based in Vietnam, went silent after reports outed them as scams that had scalped 32,000 investors out of an alleged $660 million in tokens, according to Tuoi Tre News.
Victims claim that the damages amount to roughly 15 trillion Vietnamese dong ($660 million) in token sales. Angered investors held a demonstration outside Modern Tech’s Ho Chi Minh City headquarters on April 8.
One of the initial characteristics that could have alarmed investors was the fact that Pincoin offered service users bonuses for successfully bringing other people on board. Pincoin did initially pay out cash until January 2018, when the company switched to iFan tokens, TechCrunch reported.
The owner of Modern Tech’s office building said that the company left its offices in March and that no one knew their current whereabouts. The firm left behind only an incomplete website that is now inactive. Modern Tech initially tried to pass itself off as a mere representative of both coins in Vietnam, prior to media reports confirming that seven of its Vietnamese executives were in fact behind the projects.
TechCrunch reported that the ambiguous mission statement from the then-functional site is typical of the vague and jargon-filled copy used by exit scammers:
“The PIN Project is about building an online collaborative consumption platform for global community, base on principles of Sharing Economy, Blockchain Technology, and Crypto Currency”
Financial scam directory Behindmlm released a report in February 2018 that found its buy-in method was typical of an ROI Ponzi scheme. Pincoin’s website is currently down, though iFan’s is still online.

QuadrigaCX — regulators catch on

The death of 30-year old Gerald Cotten shook the crypto world — not only because Cotten was the co-founder and CEO of Canada’s largest cryptocurrency exchange, QuadrigaCX, but also because his control of the passwords and keys to accounts rendered all the assets on the exchange forever inaccessible after his death. Cotten took over $195 million of stolen cryptocurrency with him to the grave.
Related: QuadrigaCX Users Lose $190M as Speculations Over Cotten’s Death Swirl
Commenting on the May 9 Ernst & Young report, Ciphertrace said Cotten had played fast and loose with customer funds for many years in order to support a lavish lifestyle for both himself and his wife. Cotten allegedly exercised complete control over the exchange and used his position to perform “unsupported deposits” — i.e., fabricated transactions not represented by either fiat or cryptocurrency.
Cotten also used significant volumes of customers’ cryptocurrency via transfers from the platform into other exchanges he controlled. As per the EY report, Cotten shifted significant amounts of fiat and cryptocurrency between alias accounts, although less than 1% of these transfers was supported by documentation. Ciphertrace notes that as the admin, Cotten was in a perfect position to hide his fraudulent activities.
In a pattern that may now seem familiar, Cotten used customer funds to pay for QuadrigaCX operating costs after the company suffered liquidity issues due to his reported fraudulent use of user deposits. As QuadrigaCX began to struggle to stay afloat, EY reported that Cotten gambled customer funds in off-platform margin accounts to meet margin calls.
The report also states that Cotten traded unsupported deposits for legitimate funds thereby generating artificial trading markets, abused his position to override Know Your Customer requirements and hoarded all passwords:
“The Monitor understands passwords were held by a single individual, Mr. Cotten and it appears that Quadriga failed to ensure adequate safeguard procedures were in place to transfer passwords and other critical operating data to other Quadriga representatives should a critical event materialize (such as the death of key management personnel).”
As of April 12, EY estimated that Quadriga held around $20.8 million in assets and around $160 million in liabilities. The debts and assets are spread over three subsidiary companies, 0984750 B.C. LTD. (the “Quadriga Estate”), Quadriga Fintech Solutions and Whiteside Capital Corporation. On July 31, the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia approved over $1.6 million in fees for parties seeking remuneration from the exchange, according to court documents.PDF) seen by Cointelegraph.

CFTC action launched after $147 million BTC scheme

On June 18, 2019, the United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) initiated a civil enforcement action against now-defunct Control-Finance Limited for a scheme involving $147 million worth in Bitcoin.
It is alleged that Control-Finance Ltd. defrauded over 1,000 investors by laundering around 22,858 Bitcoin. In mid-September 2017, its website was abruptly taken offline, payments to clients were suspended and advertising content from social media accounts was deleted.
The firm initially said that it would reimburse customers by late 2017. However, the company allegedly began transferring laundered Bitcoin by using the crypto wallet service CoinPayments. According to Ciphertrace’s Q2 2019 Anti-Money Laundering (AML) report, the CFTC complaint charges the company and its founder Benjamin Reynolds with:
“Exploiting public enthusiasm for crypto assets by fraudulently obtaining and misappropriating at least 22,858.22 Bitcoin from more than 1,000 customers through a classic high-yield investment (HYIP) Ponzi scheme called the Control-Finance Affiliate Program.”
Per the CFTC, the company claimed that investors who buy Bitcoin through the firm would be guaranteed daily profits thanks to their team of expert cryptocurrency traders. The complaint also stated that the firm falsely claimed market volatility would ensure funds invested through Control-Finance would result in profit.
The CFTC also alleged that Control-Finance misleadingly promised that it could earn customers a 1.5% ROI daily and 45% monthly. Control-Finance is also reported to have sent partial amounts of new clients’ BTC deposits to other customers, which were disguised as profit from trading, a tactic typical of Ponzi schemes. The legal action seeking civil monetary penalties and permanent trading bans continues.

Co-owner of Bitmarket found shot dead after alleged exit scam

On July 8, the Poland-based exchange Bitmarket shut down, citing liquidity issues. According to Ciphertrace’s Q2 2019 AML report, the shutdown cost users around 2,300 Bitcoin, approximately $23 million. Users attempting to log on to the site were met with the following message:
“We regret to inform you that due to the loss of liquidity, since 08/07/2019, Bitmarket.pl/net was forced to cease its operations. We will inform you about further steps.”
Ciphertrace reports that Bitmarket had a history of partners pulling out. In 2015, the firm lost payment processors CashBill and BlueMedia after the companies' banks requested they end their working relationship with Bitmarket. PKO Bank Polski, Bitmarket’s own bank, also terminated its relationship with the firm only six months after Bank BPH had done so earlier in 2015.
Bitmarket’s two founders, Marcin Aszkiełowicz and Tobiasz Niemiro, have contradicting accounts about the misplaced user funds. Aszkiełowicz claimed that the exchange had been hacked for 600 BTC in 2015, an incident from which the company was unable to recover.
Niemiro, however, claimed that he was not responsible for activities on the exchange. Niemiro also purported to have been told that the company was purchased with a deficit of 600 BTC, which he allegedly repaid with his own money. Niemiro said he could not confirm that his partners had indeed used the money to purchase the 600 BTC.
Two weeks after the interview, Niemiro was found dead in a forest near his home with a gunshot wound to the head, which the police deemed to be self-inflicted. The District Attorney’s Office stated that it is not looking into the involvement of third parties in Niemiro’s death, but are still actively investigating the misappropriation of funds.
submitted by Rajladumor1 to omgfin [link] [comments]

What will happen to Telegram if America does not recognize GRAM as a cryptocurrency?

States around the world are in no hurry to legislatively regulate cryptocurrency, so far its place in the legal field on a par with non-state currencies. You can pay with cryptocurrency and buy goods, but what is important, its transfer is free and unlimited.
In history, there were cases of creating private currencies, but they were never recognized as legal and soon banned.
"Colony"
One resident of the village of Kolionovo near Moscow, Mikhail Shlyapnikov, started printing his own currency, calling it "kolion" and setting a fixed rate - 1 kolion is equal to 50 Russian rubles. At the same time, the Issuer of this "money" claimed that the colions were his personal ious.
The entrepreneur came up with these banknotes when he realized that it was difficult to get a loan on favorable terms. Soon the farmer and his customers began to share with each other the colony. However, prosecutors considered a substitute for money illegal. Economists point out that in the history of humanity has repeatedly resorted to a system of credit.
"The state did not help us in any way, getting a loan was a problem. Then we came up with colions-initially as a fun game, which then turned into a financial instrument that allowed us to resolve a number of issues. Thanks to these receipts, we did not have to take commercial loans. We actually created our own system of" long "loans with a negative ruble rate," Shlyapnikov said.
"Free dollars"
Bernard von Nothaus-the man who created the so-called "freedom Dollars", which he conceived were to replace the us dollar. Little is known about him (Bernard von NotHaus). Even in the ubiquitous Wikipedia, it is only mentioned in connection with the creation of "free dollars". According to the resource, he is also known as the founder of the Free Marijuana Church of Honolulu.
In 2005, U.S. authorities began investigating von Nothaus ' financial activities. In 2006, the U.S. Mint issued a press release warning that "free dollars" are not legal currency.
Bernard von Nothaus went on trial for creating the "National organization for the Repeal of the Federal Reserve and the Internal Revenue Code, NORFED". In 1998, NORFED was renamed Liberty Services.
Liberty Services was engaged in the production and distribution of currency called "free dollar" (Liberty Dollar). "Free dollars" were minted in silver, gold, platinum and copper, and in design (designed again by von Nothaus) resembled official dollars. Thus, they depicted the dollar sign ( $ ), and were written the words - "dollar", the United States and the phrase Trust in God (instead Of in God We Trust).(Unfortunately we couldn't find an image of "Free dollar" on the Internet)
In addition," free dollars " were issued in paper form - in the form of special certificates for gold and silver, which could be exchanged for precious metals in a special warehouse. "Free dollars" were distributed until July 2009.
In July 2009, von Nothaus was arrested, and then formal charges were filed against him. And in March 2011, a North Carolina state court found von Nothaus guilty on two counts. No "exciting" trial occurred: the hearing lasted eight days, and the jury took only two hours to reach a verdict.
Cryptocurrency GRAM
Cryptocurrency Gram from the Creator of the social network Vkontakte and messenger Telegram was the most discussed project of 2018, not only in the digital cash market, but in the world in General. Such excitement among investors, traders, miners and just crypto enthusiasts has not been for a long time.
HYIP around the new cryptocurrency Durov lasts for a year, and news about the launch of TON Telegram-a blockchain on which the new coin will work-are waiting for millions of users from all six continents. Crypt is actively discussed on forums, and the request “where to buy Gram?” is one of the most popular in search engines.
Why telegram has its own cryptocurrency? In 2010, at the very beginning of the era of digital money, Durov already made an attempt to launch a cryptocurrency in the social network Vkontakte. 9 years ago, this initiative did not cause any interest or trust among users, and the launch did not take place. Since then, the attitude to cryptocurrency has changed dramatically. The news of Durov's creation of his cryptocurrency immediately caused a furore. Investors immediately began to consider Gram as a promising source for investments. The coin is launched not by someone there, but by Durov himself, whose previous projects inspire confidence in the success of the new one.
There are opinions that Durov's decision to create TON is connected with the desire to monetize the messenger and gain independence from major advertisers, governments, foundations, etc. Own cryptocurrency will expand Telegram's capabilities and make it even safer.
A direct competitor of Ethereum, capable of creating serious problems even for Bitcoin — Gram from the very beginning is considered as a dangerous rival for the leading representatives of the crypto community. Durov announced the monetization of Telegram, which means that users of the messenger will easily be able to use the built-in TON system and use the new currency for internal calculations and not only.
The United States is afraid of cryptocurrency GRAM?
Why was the US against telegram cryptocurrency and temporarily banned their sale? Us law holds that any issued token that is sold in the US automatically falls under the SEC's control. In fact, the American authorities consider the cryptocurrency, which is issued by various companies, securities.
It is known that buyers during the initial coin offering paid $0.37 per token, and the second round - $1.33 per coin. At a time, investors should invest at least $10 million in the platform. At the same time, during the mass launch of the sale of Gram, the coin should have cost $3.65, but now on the black market, Gram tokens are sold from $5 per piece — the profitability for one coin compared to the first round increased 15 times.
On this basis, the SEC concluded that Gram is a security, not a currency. For such activities, the company needs to disclose information about its work and investors who invest in the project.
The SEC filed a lawsuit against Telegram Inc. and Ton Issuer Inc. and achieved the imposition of an injunction on the distribution of Gram tokens among investors who participated in the presale. 1.7 billion dollars were collected by the project, and the distribution of tokens was planned just now. The decision of the American authorities was extremely brutal and treacherous. Although it is explained by the " care of investors." And the distribution of Gram tokens violates American laws, because, as stated in the lawsuit, it:
- Sale of tokens to us investors without prior registration of their offer, as required by US securities legislation.
The court decision obliges Telegram to register its cryptocurrency as a security or return the money to American investors in case of refusal. The documents of the regulator indicate that among the $ 1.7 billion raised in 2018 for the launch of the blockchain platform, at least $425 million falls on American investors who bought at least 1 billion Gram tokens. At the same time, the number of American investors may be much higher, since many ICO participants keep in the shadows.
submitted by falshami to u/falshami [link] [comments]

Envrin Relaunch -- Your Canadian Bitcoin / Crypto Software Professionals...

We're very proud to announce after a much needed rehaul, we have relaunched our industry leading bitcoin / crypto-currency software suite. CryptoSuite allows you to quickly and professionally deploy a high caliber, fully functional software operation customized to your specific needs using our vast library of available packages.

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Using our library of quality packages, easily customize your system with functionality such as, KYC/AML verification, ability to send funds via e-mail / SMS, Ethereum and ERC20 tokens, MLM / affiliate program, HYIP ffeatures, escrow, coin mixer, ad network, JSON API, and much more. Once your base platform is decided, consult with our team of highly skilled professionals, and have it customized to your exact needs, while staying in constant contact with our team via our custom communications portal. Take advantage of our management services, while we monitor and maintain your server cluster 24x7x365 ensuring your online operation always remains secure and online.

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submitted by Envrin to BitcoinCA [link] [comments]

TOKEN DEVELOPMENT

TOKEN DEVELOPMENT

http://crypto-ord.com/
Creating an token erc-20 on order involves writing a smart contract. This may be a HYIP project, a smart contract for ICO, a smart contract listings. For more information and advice write to us.

Creating a project on erc-20 significantly reduces the cost of its further development. In addition, smart contracts based on ETH, flexible enough to make the necessary parameters and integration. Listings on the erc-20 token exchange are many times cheaper than cryptocurrency on its own node and at the same time have everything necessary for its existence, tracking and development.
You can order from us:
development, writing of smart contracts for the passage of ICO, smart contracts with limited emission and reissued tokens, HYIP projects and much more. It is important to note that the more functions are specified in the smart token contract, the more gas is required to send it to another address, which is not a plus for the project. Many projects are based precisely on simple tokens and at the same time are very popular among the crypto community. Writing a smart contract can take from 1 to 6 days. In rare cases, it may take more time, everything depends on the complexity and possible tests that must be carried out before the release of the main token.
Ordering an erc-20 token with verification is possible only if you have a website, social networks and a brief description of the project. Verification can take from 3 to 7 days. Verification can be done at any time using the compiler version, ABI and Bytecode, which you will receive with the order.
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submitted by Crypto_Order to u/Crypto_Order [link] [comments]

Envrin Relaunch -- Your Bitcoin / Crypto Software Professionalsmuch needed rehaul, we have relaunched our industry leading bitcoin / crypto-currency software suite. CryptoSuite allows you to quickly and professionally deploy a high caliber, fully functional soft

We're very proud to announce after a much needed rehaul, we have relaunched our industry leading bitcoin / crypto-currency software suite. CryptoSuite allows you to quickly and professionally deploy a high caliber, fully functional software operation customized to your specific needs using our vast library of available packages.

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Check out our online demo, or even download and install our base software platform:
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Whether you need a traditional exchange, user-to-user exchange, web wallet, merchant payment gateway, multi-vendor marketplace, coin mixer, or any number of systems, CryptoSuite is your ideal solution.

Using our library of quality packages, easily customize your system with functionality such as, KYC/AML verification, ability to send funds via e-mail / SMS, Ethereum and ERC20 tokens, MLM / affiliate program, HYIP ffeatures, escrow, coin mixer, ad network, JSON API, and much more. Once your base platform is decided, consult with our team of highly skilled professionals, and have it customized to your exact needs, while staying in constant contact with our team via our custom communications portal. Take advantage of our management services, while we monitor and maintain your server cluster 24x7x365 ensuring your online operation always remains secure and online.

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http://envrin.com/cryptosuite

If you have any questions or would like to get started, please contact us anytime via e-mail at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) or via Skype at envrin.group.
submitted by Envrin to BitcoinSouthAfrica [link] [comments]

Envrin Relaunch -- Bitcoin / Crypto-Currency Software Professionals

We're very proud to announce after a much needed rehaul, we have relaunched our industry leading bitcoin / crypto-currency software suite. CryptoSuite allows you to quickly and professionally deploy a high caliber, fully functional software operation customized to your specific needs using our vast library of available packages.

Get setup with your professional, robust, customized online software system now:
http://envrin.com/cryptosuite

Check out our online demo, or even download and install our base software platform:
http://envrin.com/demo

Whether you need a traditional exchange, user-to-user exchange, web wallet, merchant payment gateway, multi-vendor marketplace, coin mixer, or any number of systems, CryptoSuite is your ideal solution.

Using our library of quality packages, easily customize your system with functionality such as, KYC/AML verification, ability to send funds via e-mail / SMS, Ethereum and ERC20 tokens, MLM / affiliate program, HYIP ffeatures, escrow, coin mixer, ad network, JSON API, and much more. Once your base platform is decided, consult with our team of highly skilled professionals, and have it customized to your exact needs, while staying in constant contact with our team via our custom communications portal. Take advantage of our management services, while we monitor and maintain your server cluster 24x7x365 ensuring your online operation always remains secure and online.

Get started today!
http://envrin.com/cryptosuite

If you have any questions or would like to get started, please contact us anytime via e-mail at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) or via Skype at envrin.group.
submitted by Envrin to Jobs4Bitcoins [link] [comments]

Cryptocurrency Investors

Hello! My name is Mihail Kudryashev, I am a frontend engineer at Platinum. We are a an international STO/IEO/ICO/POST ICO consulting, promotion and fundraising company with huge experience in STO and ICO marketing and best STO blockchain platform in the world! Learn more about it: Platinum.fund Our company gained popularity after launching the world’s number one online university with only practical knowledge on crypto economics. Now you can learn how to create and develop your own ICO and STO, how to market your campaign and make it super successful. Who are cryptocurrency investors? What drives people to invest in cryptocurrency? Read the extract of the UBAI lesson to get all the answers.
Introduction to the Investors §2
In 2017, the total cryptocurrency market capitalization was approaching $850B which begs the question:
Why are investors turning to cryptocurrencies?
A survey by Blockchain Capital indicated that at least 30% of millennials would rather invest in bitcoin than invest in traditional stocks. Cryptocurrency investors, like traditional investors, expect a return at least proportionate to the risk they take. Due to the fundamental lack of regulation, incredible volatility and astronomical relative risk, many cryptocurrency investors expect to earn meteoric returns. Returns in the ranges of multiples from 200% to 1000%.
Let us first begin by examining the kinds of people who invest in cryptocurrency, and then let’s see the reasons why each of them is investing in this relatively new market.
Types of Investors
The “Newbie” Cryptocurrency Investor
This investor is just starting out. They probably have not had any significant experience in any form of investing before and bitcoin is their first experience. They have heard about people making incredible returns from cryptocurrency investing, or some aspect of the entire blockchain and crypto revolution attracts them, and they decide they want to invest too.
Unfortunately, most of the newbie investors will end up losing their money, primarily because of one specific misconception; they think cryptocurrency investing is an easy way to make huge profits. “ “Types of Investors §2
“Gambler” or “Get Rich Quick” Investor
This is the second class of cryptocurrency investor, and is actually not really an investor at all.
This type of person is out to make a fortune as fast as possible. They will fall for whatever sweet-sounding scheme they hear. They love ideas that promise to double or triple their investment quickly. Like the Newbie, they do not understand how cryptocurrencies work, and they don’t care. The difference between this kind of investor and the successful individual or professional investor is that the gambler does not care about the management of risk, or about the timing of trades.
They place their money on the table, and they hope it will make a good return. They are gambling rather than creating an investment thesis and executing a well-thought out strategy. They might even have an infectious positive attitude, but unfortunately it is not backed by knowledge or the due diligence required to be a successful investor.
A good example of this style of thinking, outside of cryptocurrency, is high yield investment plans (HYIPs) that promise to multiply an investors capital by a certain factor. This is not to say that all HYIP programs are scams, but a good number of them are. Most importantly, the investors who flock into such plans have similar characteristics to that of the Get Rich Quick investor in that they will not take the time to learn about the field in which they are investing. They are just looking for fast money and an overnight success. “ “Types of Investors §3
Short Term Traders (Day/Swing Traders)
Short term traders must, without a doubt, be the most knowledgeable investors if they are going to succeed at their chosen profession. They have, or they should have, studied the art and science of trading more thoroughly than other people. This is the kind of investor who has taken the time to learn about cryptocurrencies and the markets on which they trade. Short term traders create deliberate and timed strategies in an attempt to profit from fast market movements. Maybe many of the short term traders started off as Newbies, but these are the individuals who took the time and effort to learn about the market. They wanted to know what they were doing. These are the people who survived and thrived to grow into the type of trader that they want to be.
Interestingly, the Day Trader does not attach emotion to any given coin. They do not need to believe in the sustainability/whitepapevision/road map, etc. of the project they are buying into at any particular time. They just need to be confident about the direction and timing of the potential price movement of the coin. “ “Types of Investors §4
Long Term Investors/ Hodlers
A great majority of successful cryptocurrency investors can be most properly classified as Long Term Investors, or HODLers in true crypto terminology. These are investors who understand quite a bit about cryptocurrency and blockchain technology and believe in the sustainability of the coins in which they are investing.
Think of the first few investors who bought bitcoin in the early days and years, when it was still deep under the radar for most people. These are the people who believed in the blockchain and cryptocurrency revolution. They didn’t sell their bitcoin for fast profit, although they had many chances to do so. They knew what they were doing, holding for the long term. These early investors and HODLers enjoyed astronomical growth all the way up to 2016 and 2017. But to be a long-term holder despite all the bad news and negative factors surrounding this brand new asset class, they must have really believed that bitcoin and the blockchain were going to change the world. This belief can only be established through study and research about the blockchain industry and the specific currencies and tokens in which you are going to invest.
Follow up and learn more on www.ubai.co!” “Types of Investors §5
Sophisticated/Professional Investors
These are experts in cryptocurrency investing. They most likely have a background in other forms of trading and investing, such as in stocks, bonds or options etc. They may also be earning fees by investing or managing money for other people.
The Iconomi fund managers are a good example. Each Fund Manager manages an array of digital assets. Investors might choose Iconomi because it offers a platform for the investor to allocate funds to specific fund managers, with the ability to swap between managers instantly if the investor desires to do so.
Each fund manager selects a number of coins in which they wish to trade or invest, with specified time horizons, short or long term. Investors can buy into the array of mutually held coins. This allows investors to utilize the knowledge and experience of professional fund managers to trade an allocated pool of capital, hopefully generating returns greater than the individual investor would be able to produce on his own.
The fund managers are motivated by the fees and commissions they earn, and perhaps a performance-linked bonus. You can certainly be properly classified as a Sophisticated Investor without any need to be a fund manager for other peoples’ money. But a professional fund manager has the ability to trade with a larger pool of capital, manage complicated risk, and diversify trading strategy to generate various streams of income. “ “Between Countries
A particular country’s participation in cryptocurrencies largely has to do with the legal regulations about blockchain projects and crypto currency investment in that jurisdiction.
When China banned the use of cryptocurrency, most Chinese nationals had to withdraw their investments. Many other countries have also placed bans on the use or trade of cryptocurrencies. Countries like Japan that have allowed the use of cryptocurrencies have witnessed a significant rise in cryptocurrency investments as a result. Japan and South Korea are home to several high-traffic cryptocurrency exchanges, meaning that a notable proportion of their population is investing in cryptocurrencies.
Another way to look at cryptocurrency investment demographics is to look at the bitcoin ATMs present in each country. The United States of America is the leading country, followed by Canada and then the United Kingdom.
According to a report by Google trends, the five top countries interested in bitcoin are: South Africa, Slovenia, Nigeria, Colombia and Bolivia.
Remember, cryptocurrency demographics can be a little tricky due to the anonymity involved. Many people may be afraid to participate in surveys, especially when their governments have placed legal restrictions on cryptocurrency investing.
The main point the research seems to validate is that the demographics of the cryptocurrency investor base is diverse. While the average investor may be a white or Asian male between the ages of 26-30 with at least a university degree, the entire investor base is so much larger than that. Many big investors are likely to be significantly older, and have connections and businesses in the traditional economy as well. “ “Notable Investors in Cryptocurrency
While many people have made fortunes from cryptocurrency investing, a handful of them stand out as being particularly remarkable. We will take a more detailed look at some of the biggest investment success stories to see how they did it and learn about their investing strategy.
The Winklevoss Twins
After being awarded their settlement from the lawsuit against Facebook, the Winklevoss twins decided to invest a significant portion of their money in Bitcoin. They invested $11million of the $65million they received. At that time, the price of a single bitcoin was about $120.
This high-risk investment paid off handsomely and they became the first publicly known Bitcoin Billionaires, perhaps owning more than 1% of the total bitcoin in circulation. In an interview with Financial Times in 2016, the twins jointly said that they consider “Bitcoin as potentially the greatest social network because it is designed to transfer value over the internet”. They also pointed out that compared to gold, bitcoin has equal or greater foundational traits of scarcity and portability. “ “Notable Investors in Cryptocurrency §2
Michael Novogratz
A self-made billionaire ex-Goldman Sachs investment banker, Novogratz has invested more than 30% of his fortune in cryptocurrency. In 2015, he announced a $500million cryptocurrency hedge fund, including $150million of his own money. Novogratz believes that “the blockchain, the computer code that underpins all cryptocurrencies, will reshape finance, just as the internet reshaped communication”.
The investment thesis of Mr. Novogratz is similar to that of the Winklevoss twins. He has taken and maintains a long-term position while he trades in and out of short term moves, based on his fundamental belief in the potential and likely application of the underlying blockchain technology. By starting an investment fund in addition to his other cryptocurrency related ventures, he is demonstrating a strong fundamental grasp of the technology, including its applicability and impact across so many industries. Slide
Barry Silbert
In December 2014 after the US Marshal’s office seized 50,000 bitcoins from the Silk Road, Barry Silbert purchased just 2,000 of those bitcoins at $350 per coin. A few years later of course, those coins were worth millions of dollars.
Barry is the founder and CEO of the Digital Currency Group (DCG) a cryptocurrency investment firm. Barry also made significant profits from Ethereum Classic, purchasing the coin in its very first days. He has invested in over 75 bitcoin related companies, including CoinDesk. As founder of the Digital Currency Group, Barry endeavors to support bitcoin and blockchain companies and accelerate the development of the global financial system. “ “Directly through Exchanges
Step One: Register on a reputable cryptocurrency exchange
To start investing, you first need to register on a reputable cryptocurrency exchange where you can buy bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. Binance is a good exchange to use in this lesson. While it may or may not be the best, it is currently the largest, and they provide a very supportive layout and customer service department.
You should remember, to buy most altcoins (cryptocurrencies other than bitcoin), you specifically need to use an exchange like Coinbase or Kraken that allows you to convert fiat currency into cryptocurrency. From there, if you want to trade altcoins not listed on that exchange, you will have to transfer your BTC or ETH to a larger exchange like Binance, and buy the altcoin you want, using whichever trading pair that is best suited (BTC and ETH pairs are most common).
As we have already explained, if you are buying Bitcoin or any cryptocurrencies, you should invest in a wallet to safely store your coins. It is not advisable to store your BTC or other crypto on the exchanges for too long, due to hacking and other risks. “ “Directly through Exchanges
Step Two: Determine your Strategy
There are different ways to invest. You need to find a strategy that works for you and your specific set of skills. The value of a cryptocurrency is not defined by a formula or something out a textbook. If everyone was able to calculate the actual value of a share of stock, for example, or a bond, or other tradeable asset, then the price on an open market exchange would never move. Buyers and sellers would know exactly how much the asset is worth, so there would be no reason to sell lower or buy higher than the actual value.
You need to come up with your own ideas and strategies to take advantage of market moves. Sometimes you will have a position that is contrary to the general market. Other times you might be trading in agreement with a majority of other market participants. Investors are basically separable into one of two groups of thinkers. Contrarian investors go against the crowd, swimming against the current; Momentum investors ride the wave feeling secure in the majority. Being different can be good or it can be bad. You do not always want to necessarily get caught up in the most crowded trade. “ “Things to keep in Mind
Bitcoin Futures
We need to mention the bitcoin futures market as another potential way to invest. Toward the close of 2017, Bitcoin started trading on two fully recognized and well-established futures markets; the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE), and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange CME.
The key quote from the exchanges was “because the futures can be traded on regulated markets, it will attract investors, making the market liquid, stabilizing prices and it will not suffer from low transaction speeds of Bitcoin Exchanges.”
For a risk averse investor, this offers a safer entry into cryptocurrency investing. A futures contract commits its owner to buy or sell the underlying asset, BTC, at a set price, and at a set date in the future. The investor in the futures contract does not actually own the underlying asset, but rather is trading on fluctuations in the price of the asset over a certain timeframe, as specified in the futures contract. “ “Things to keep in Mind §2
Common Pitfalls We cannot conclude this lesson without one more look at the common pitfalls a new cryptocurrency investor should avoid.
The problem areas are: -Falling for scams by failing to carry out due diligence. -Relying solely upon self-acclaimed crypto gurus and experts. If you want to trade, you must understand how to read news and charts for yourself. -Too much Greed. Not taking profit when you should. It is better to take a 20% gain, than wait for a 100% gain, only to lose it all in the end. -Lacking an investment strategy or exit plan. -Not sticking to your investment plan or strategy. -Allowing emotions to rule your decisions. Chasing your losses. -Investing what you cannot afford to lose.
And finally, some time-tested wisdom from Wall Street: Bulls make money. Bears make money. Pigs get slaughtered every time. (Don’t be greedy!)
We cannot overemphasize the risk involved in cryptocurrency investing. The potential to make huge gains over a short period of time does not come without risk. There is no doubt that significant players in the global financial markets are entering the cryptocurrency markets too. We are likely to witness more and more government authorities trying to regulate cryptocurrencies, hopefully to the overall benefit of a healthy market. It seems safe to say we will see cryptocurrencies become more mainstream due to the intense interest from the traditional financial industry and institutional investing community all over the world. What are better ways to successfully invest in cryptocurrencies? Which pitfalls should you avoid? Learn all on successful ICOs and STOs after reading the full lesson: UBAI.co How to start your STO/ICO campaign in 2019? Contact me via Instagram, Facebook, LinkedIn to know more about our education: Facebook LinkedIn Instagram
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How to Double your Bitcoin, Payeer, Perfectmoney HYIP Site monado

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