Top 6 Bitcoin Arbitrage Bots – The Merkle News

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Hey /Bitcoin. I just released ArbBot, an Open Source Bitcoin Arbitrage Trading Bot. I'm looking forward to your feedback! submitted by BitcoinAllBot to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

All you need to know about Yield Farming - The rocket fuel for Defi

All you need to know about Yield Farming - The rocket fuel for Defi
Source
It’s effectively July 2017 in the world of decentralized finance (DeFi), and as in the heady days of the initial coin offering (ICO) boom, the numbers are only trending up.
According to DeFi Pulse, there is $1.9 billion in crypto assets locked in DeFi right now. According to the CoinDesk ICO Tracker, the ICO market started chugging past $1 billion in July 2017, just a few months before token sales started getting talked about on TV.
Debate juxtaposing these numbers if you like, but what no one can question is this: Crypto users are putting more and more value to work in DeFi applications, driven largely by the introduction of a whole new yield-generating pasture, Compound’s COMP governance token.
Governance tokens enable users to vote on the future of decentralized protocols, sure, but they also present fresh ways for DeFi founders to entice assets onto their platforms.
That said, it’s the crypto liquidity providers who are the stars of the present moment. They even have a meme-worthy name: yield farmers.

https://preview.redd.it/lxsvazp1g9l51.png?width=775&format=png&auto=webp&s=a36173ab679c701a5d5e0aac806c00fcc84d78c1

Where it started

Ethereum-based credit market Compound started distributing its governance token, COMP, to the protocol’s users this past June 15. Demand for the token (heightened by the way its automatic distribution was structured) kicked off the present craze and moved Compound into the leading position in DeFi.
The hot new term in crypto is “yield farming,” a shorthand for clever strategies where putting crypto temporarily at the disposal of some startup’s application earns its owner more cryptocurrency.
Another term floating about is “liquidity mining.”
The buzz around these concepts has evolved into a low rumble as more and more people get interested.
The casual crypto observer who only pops into the market when activity heats up might be starting to get faint vibes that something is happening right now. Take our word for it: Yield farming is the source of those vibes.
But if all these terms (“DeFi,” “liquidity mining,” “yield farming”) are so much Greek to you, fear not. We’re here to catch you up. We’ll get into all of them.
We’re going to go from very basic to more advanced, so feel free to skip ahead.

What are tokens?

Most CoinDesk readers probably know this, but just in case: Tokens are like the money video-game players earn while fighting monsters, money they can use to buy gear or weapons in the universe of their favorite game.
But with blockchains, tokens aren’t limited to only one massively multiplayer online money game. They can be earned in one and used in lots of others. They usually represent either ownership in something (like a piece of a Uniswap liquidity pool, which we will get into later) or access to some service. For example, in the Brave browser, ads can only be bought using basic attention token (BAT).
If tokens are worth money, then you can bank with them or at least do things that look very much like banking. Thus: decentralized finance.
Tokens proved to be the big use case for Ethereum, the second-biggest blockchain in the world. The term of art here is “ERC-20 tokens,” which refers to a software standard that allows token creators to write rules for them. Tokens can be used a few ways. Often, they are used as a form of money within a set of applications. So the idea for Kin was to create a token that web users could spend with each other at such tiny amounts that it would almost feel like they weren’t spending anything; that is, money for the internet.
Governance tokens are different. They are not like a token at a video-game arcade, as so many tokens were described in the past. They work more like certificates to serve in an ever-changing legislature in that they give holders the right to vote on changes to a protocol.
So on the platform that proved DeFi could fly, MakerDAO, holders of its governance token, MKR, vote almost every week on small changes to parameters that govern how much it costs to borrow and how much savers earn, and so on.
Read more: Why DeFi’s Billion-Dollar Milestone Matters
One thing all crypto tokens have in common, though, is they are tradable and they have a price. So, if tokens are worth money, then you can bank with them or at least do things that look very much like banking. Thus: decentralized finance.

What is DeFi?

Fair question. For folks who tuned out for a bit in 2018, we used to call this “open finance.” That construction seems to have faded, though, and “DeFi” is the new lingo.
In case that doesn’t jog your memory, DeFi is all the things that let you play with money, and the only identification you need is a crypto wallet.
On the normal web, you can’t buy a blender without giving the site owner enough data to learn your whole life history. In DeFi, you can borrow money without anyone even asking for your name.
I can explain this but nothing really brings it home like trying one of these applications. If you have an Ethereum wallet that has even $20 worth of crypto in it, go do something on one of these products. Pop over to Uniswap and buy yourself some FUN (a token for gambling apps) or WBTC (wrapped bitcoin). Go to MakerDAO and create $5 worth of DAI (a stablecoin that tends to be worth $1) out of the digital ether. Go to Compound and borrow $10 in USDC.
(Notice the very small amounts I’m suggesting. The old crypto saying “don’t put in more than you can afford to lose” goes double for DeFi. This stuff is uber-complex and a lot can go wrong. These may be “savings” products but they’re not for your retirement savings.)
Immature and experimental though it may be, the technology’s implications are staggering. On the normal web, you can’t buy a blender without giving the site owner enough data to learn your whole life history. In DeFi, you can borrow money without anyone even asking for your name.
DeFi applications don’t worry about trusting you because they have the collateral you put up to back your debt (on Compound, for instance, a $10 debt will require around $20 in collateral).
Read more: There Are More DAI on Compound Now Than There Are DAI in the World
If you do take this advice and try something, note that you can swap all these things back as soon as you’ve taken them out. Open the loan and close it 10 minutes later. It’s fine. Fair warning: It might cost you a tiny bit in fees, and the cost of using Ethereum itself right now is much higher than usual, in part due to this fresh new activity. But it’s nothing that should ruin a crypto user.
So what’s the point of borrowing for people who already have the money? Most people do it for some kind of trade. The most obvious example, to short a token (the act of profiting if its price falls). It’s also good for someone who wants to hold onto a token but still play the market.

Doesn’t running a bank take a lot of money up front?

It does, and in DeFi that money is largely provided by strangers on the internet. That’s why the startups behind these decentralized banking applications come up with clever ways to attract HODLers with idle assets.
Liquidity is the chief concern of all these different products. That is: How much money do they have locked in their smart contracts?
“In some types of products, the product experience gets much better if you have liquidity. Instead of borrowing from VCs or debt investors, you borrow from your users,” said Electric Capital managing partner Avichal Garg.
Let’s take Uniswap as an example. Uniswap is an “automated market maker,” or AMM (another DeFi term of art). This means Uniswap is a robot on the internet that is always willing to buy and it’s also always willing to sell any cryptocurrency for which it has a market.
On Uniswap, there is at least one market pair for almost any token on Ethereum. Behind the scenes, this means Uniswap can make it look like it is making a direct trade for any two tokens, which makes it easy for users, but it’s all built around pools of two tokens. And all these market pairs work better with bigger pools.

Why do I keep hearing about ‘pools’?

To illustrate why more money helps, let’s break down how Uniswap works.
Let’s say there was a market for USDC and DAI. These are two tokens (both stablecoins but with different mechanisms for retaining their value) that are meant to be worth $1 each all the time, and that generally tends to be true for both.
The price Uniswap shows for each token in any pooled market pair is based on the balance of each in the pool. So, simplifying this a lot for illustration’s sake, if someone were to set up a USDC/DAI pool, they should deposit equal amounts of both. In a pool with only 2 USDC and 2 DAI it would offer a price of 1 USDC for 1 DAI. But then imagine that someone put in 1 DAI and took out 1 USDC. Then the pool would have 1 USDC and 3 DAI. The pool would be very out of whack. A savvy investor could make an easy $0.50 profit by putting in 1 USDC and receiving 1.5 DAI. That’s a 50% arbitrage profit, and that’s the problem with limited liquidity.
(Incidentally, this is why Uniswap’s prices tend to be accurate, because traders watch it for small discrepancies from the wider market and trade them away for arbitrage profits very quickly.)
Read more: Uniswap V2 Launches With More Token-Swap Pairs, Oracle Service, Flash Loans
However, if there were 500,000 USDC and 500,000 DAI in the pool, a trade of 1 DAI for 1 USDC would have a negligible impact on the relative price. That’s why liquidity is helpful.
You can stick your assets on Compound and earn a little yield. But that’s not very creative. Users who look for angles to maximize that yield: those are the yield farmers.
Similar effects hold across DeFi, so markets want more liquidity. Uniswap solves this by charging a tiny fee on every trade. It does this by shaving off a little bit from each trade and leaving that in the pool (so one DAI would actually trade for 0.997 USDC, after the fee, growing the overall pool by 0.003 USDC). This benefits liquidity providers because when someone puts liquidity in the pool they own a share of the pool. If there has been lots of trading in that pool, it has earned a lot of fees, and the value of each share will grow.
And this brings us back to tokens.
Liquidity added to Uniswap is represented by a token, not an account. So there’s no ledger saying, “Bob owns 0.000000678% of the DAI/USDC pool.” Bob just has a token in his wallet. And Bob doesn’t have to keep that token. He could sell it. Or use it in another product. We’ll circle back to this, but it helps to explain why people like to talk about DeFi products as “money Legos.”

So how much money do people make by putting money into these products?

It can be a lot more lucrative than putting money in a traditional bank, and that’s before startups started handing out governance tokens.
Compound is the current darling of this space, so let’s use it as an illustration. As of this writing, a person can put USDC into Compound and earn 2.72% on it. They can put tether (USDT) into it and earn 2.11%. Most U.S. bank accounts earn less than 0.1% these days, which is close enough to nothing.
However, there are some caveats. First, there’s a reason the interest rates are so much juicier: DeFi is a far riskier place to park your money. There’s no Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) protecting these funds. If there were a run on Compound, users could find themselves unable to withdraw their funds when they wanted.
Plus, the interest is quite variable. You don’t know what you’ll earn over the course of a year. USDC’s rate is high right now. It was low last week. Usually, it hovers somewhere in the 1% range.
Similarly, a user might get tempted by assets with more lucrative yields like USDT, which typically has a much higher interest rate than USDC. (Monday morning, the reverse was true, for unclear reasons; this is crypto, remember.) The trade-off here is USDT’s transparency about the real-world dollars it’s supposed to hold in a real-world bank is not nearly up to par with USDC’s. A difference in interest rates is often the market’s way of telling you the one instrument is viewed as dicier than another.
Users making big bets on these products turn to companies Opyn and Nexus Mutual to insure their positions because there’s no government protections in this nascent space – more on the ample risks later on.
So users can stick their assets in Compound or Uniswap and earn a little yield. But that’s not very creative. Users who look for angles to maximize that yield: those are the yield farmers.

OK, I already knew all of that. What is yield farming?

Broadly, yield farming is any effort to put crypto assets to work and generate the most returns possible on those assets.
At the simplest level, a yield farmer might move assets around within Compound, constantly chasing whichever pool is offering the best APY from week to week. This might mean moving into riskier pools from time to time, but a yield farmer can handle risk.
“Farming opens up new price arbs [arbitrage] that can spill over to other protocols whose tokens are in the pool,” said Maya Zehavi, a blockchain consultant.
Because these positions are tokenized, though, they can go further.
This was a brand-new kind of yield on a deposit. In fact, it was a way to earn a yield on a loan. Who has ever heard of a borrower earning a return on a debt from their lender?
In a simple example, a yield farmer might put 100,000 USDT into Compound. They will get a token back for that stake, called cUSDT. Let’s say they get 100,000 cUSDT back (the formula on Compound is crazy so it’s not 1:1 like that but it doesn’t matter for our purposes here).
They can then take that cUSDT and put it into a liquidity pool that takes cUSDT on Balancer, an AMM that allows users to set up self-rebalancing crypto index funds. In normal times, this could earn a small amount more in transaction fees. This is the basic idea of yield farming. The user looks for edge cases in the system to eke out as much yield as they can across as many products as it will work on.
Right now, however, things are not normal, and they probably won’t be for a while.

Why is yield farming so hot right now?

Because of liquidity mining. Liquidity mining supercharges yield farming.
Liquidity mining is when a yield farmer gets a new token as well as the usual return (that’s the “mining” part) in exchange for the farmer’s liquidity.
“The idea is that stimulating usage of the platform increases the value of the token, thereby creating a positive usage loop to attract users,” said Richard Ma of smart-contract auditor Quantstamp.
The yield farming examples above are only farming yield off the normal operations of different platforms. Supply liquidity to Compound or Uniswap and get a little cut of the business that runs over the protocols – very vanilla.
But Compound announced earlier this year it wanted to truly decentralize the product and it wanted to give a good amount of ownership to the people who made it popular by using it. That ownership would take the form of the COMP token.
Lest this sound too altruistic, keep in mind that the people who created it (the team and the investors) owned more than half of the equity. By giving away a healthy proportion to users, that was very likely to make it a much more popular place for lending. In turn, that would make everyone’s stake worth much more.
So, Compound announced this four-year period where the protocol would give out COMP tokens to users, a fixed amount every day until it was gone. These COMP tokens control the protocol, just as shareholders ultimately control publicly traded companies.
Every day, the Compound protocol looks at everyone who had lent money to the application and who had borrowed from it and gives them COMP proportional to their share of the day’s total business.
The results were very surprising, even to Compound’s biggest promoters.
COMP’s value will likely go down, and that’s why some investors are rushing to earn as much of it as they can right now.
This was a brand-new kind of yield on a deposit into Compound. In fact, it was a way to earn a yield on a loan, as well, which is very weird: Who has ever heard of a borrower earning a return on a debt from their lender?
COMP’s value has consistently been well over $200 since it started distributing on June 15. We did the math elsewhere but long story short: investors with fairly deep pockets can make a strong gain maximizing their daily returns in COMP. It is, in a way, free money.
It’s possible to lend to Compound, borrow from it, deposit what you borrowed and so on. This can be done multiple times and DeFi startup Instadapp even built a tool to make it as capital-efficient as possible.
“Yield farmers are extremely creative. They find ways to ‘stack’ yields and even earn multiple governance tokens at once,” said Spencer Noon of DTC Capital.
COMP’s value spike is a temporary situation. The COMP distribution will only last four years and then there won’t be any more. Further, most people agree that the high price now is driven by the low float (that is, how much COMP is actually free to trade on the market – it will never be this low again). So the value will probably gradually go down, and that’s why savvy investors are trying to earn as much as they can now.
Appealing to the speculative instincts of diehard crypto traders has proven to be a great way to increase liquidity on Compound. This fattens some pockets but also improves the user experience for all kinds of Compound users, including those who would use it whether they were going to earn COMP or not.
As usual in crypto, when entrepreneurs see something successful, they imitate it. Balancer was the next protocol to start distributing a governance token, BAL, to liquidity providers. Flash loan provider bZx has announced a plan. Ren, Curve and Synthetix also teamed up to promote a liquidity pool on Curve.
It is a fair bet many of the more well-known DeFi projects will announce some kind of coin that can be mined by providing liquidity.
The case to watch here is Uniswap versus Balancer. Balancer can do the same thing Uniswap does, but most users who want to do a quick token trade through their wallet use Uniswap. It will be interesting to see if Balancer’s BAL token convinces Uniswap’s liquidity providers to defect.
So far, though, more liquidity has gone into Uniswap since the BAL announcement, according to its data site. That said, even more has gone into Balancer.

Did liquidity mining start with COMP?

No, but it was the most-used protocol with the most carefully designed liquidity mining scheme.
This point is debated but the origins of liquidity mining probably date back to Fcoin, a Chinese exchange that created a token in 2018 that rewarded people for making trades. You won’t believe what happened next! Just kidding, you will: People just started running bots to do pointless trades with themselves to earn the token.
Similarly, EOS is a blockchain where transactions are basically free, but since nothing is really free the absence of friction was an invitation for spam. Some malicious hacker who didn’t like EOS created a token called EIDOS on the network in late 2019. It rewarded people for tons of pointless transactions and somehow got an exchange listing.
These initiatives illustrated how quickly crypto users respond to incentives.
Read more: Compound Changes COMP Distribution Rules Following ‘Yield Farming’ Frenzy
Fcoin aside, liquidity mining as we now know it first showed up on Ethereum when the marketplace for synthetic tokens, Synthetix, announced in July 2019 an award in its SNX token for users who helped add liquidity to the sETH/ETH pool on Uniswap. By October, that was one of Uniswap’s biggest pools.
When Compound Labs, the company that launched the Compound protocol, decided to create COMP, the governance token, the firm took months designing just what kind of behavior it wanted and how to incentivize it. Even still, Compound Labs was surprised by the response. It led to unintended consequences such as crowding into a previously unpopular market (lending and borrowing BAT) in order to mine as much COMP as possible.
Just last week, 115 different COMP wallet addresses – senators in Compound’s ever-changing legislature – voted to change the distribution mechanism in hopes of spreading liquidity out across the markets again.

Is there DeFi for bitcoin?

Yes, on Ethereum.
Nothing has beaten bitcoin over time for returns, but there’s one thing bitcoin can’t do on its own: create more bitcoin.
A smart trader can get in and out of bitcoin and dollars in a way that will earn them more bitcoin, but this is tedious and risky. It takes a certain kind of person.
DeFi, however, offers ways to grow one’s bitcoin holdings – though somewhat indirectly.
A long HODLer is happy to gain fresh BTC off their counterparty’s short-term win. That’s the game.
For example, a user can create a simulated bitcoin on Ethereum using BitGo’s WBTC system. They put BTC in and get the same amount back out in freshly minted WBTC. WBTC can be traded back for BTC at any time, so it tends to be worth the same as BTC.
Then the user can take that WBTC, stake it on Compound and earn a few percent each year in yield on their BTC. Odds are, the people who borrow that WBTC are probably doing it to short BTC (that is, they will sell it immediately, buy it back when the price goes down, close the loan and keep the difference).
A long HODLer is happy to gain fresh BTC off their counterparty’s short-term win. That’s the game.

How risky is it?

Enough.
“DeFi, with the combination of an assortment of digital funds, automation of key processes, and more complex incentive structures that work across protocols – each with their own rapidly changing tech and governance practices – make for new types of security risks,” said Liz Steininger of Least Authority, a crypto security auditor. “Yet, despite these risks, the high yields are undeniably attractive to draw more users.”
We’ve seen big failures in DeFi products. MakerDAO had one so bad this year it’s called “Black Thursday.” There was also the exploit against flash loan provider bZx. These things do break and when they do money gets taken.
As this sector gets more robust, we could see token holders greenlighting more ways for investors to profit from DeFi niches.
Right now, the deal is too good for certain funds to resist, so they are moving a lot of money into these protocols to liquidity mine all the new governance tokens they can. But the funds – entities that pool the resources of typically well-to-do crypto investors – are also hedging. Nexus Mutual, a DeFi insurance provider of sorts, told CoinDesk it has maxed out its available coverage on these liquidity applications. Opyn, the trustless derivatives maker, created a way to short COMP, just in case this game comes to naught.
And weird things have arisen. For example, there’s currently more DAI on Compound than have been minted in the world. This makes sense once unpacked but it still feels dicey to everyone.
That said, distributing governance tokens might make things a lot less risky for startups, at least with regard to the money cops.
“Protocols distributing their tokens to the public, meaning that there’s a new secondary listing for SAFT tokens, [gives] plausible deniability from any security accusation,” Zehavi wrote. (The Simple Agreement for Future Tokens was a legal structure favored by many token issuers during the ICO craze.)
Whether a cryptocurrency is adequately decentralized has been a key feature of ICO settlements with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

What’s next for yield farming? (A prediction)

COMP turned out to be a bit of a surprise to the DeFi world, in technical ways and others. It has inspired a wave of new thinking.
“Other projects are working on similar things,” said Nexus Mutual founder Hugh Karp. In fact, informed sources tell CoinDesk brand-new projects will launch with these models.
We might soon see more prosaic yield farming applications. For example, forms of profit-sharing that reward certain kinds of behavior.
Imagine if COMP holders decided, for example, that the protocol needed more people to put money in and leave it there longer. The community could create a proposal that shaved off a little of each token’s yield and paid that portion out only to the tokens that were older than six months. It probably wouldn’t be much, but an investor with the right time horizon and risk profile might take it into consideration before making a withdrawal.
(There are precedents for this in traditional finance: A 10-year Treasury bond normally yields more than a one-month T-bill even though they’re both backed by the full faith and credit of Uncle Sam, a 12-month certificate of deposit pays higher interest than a checking account at the same bank, and so on.)
As this sector gets more robust, its architects will come up with ever more robust ways to optimize liquidity incentives in increasingly refined ways. We could see token holders greenlighting more ways for investors to profit from DeFi niches.
Questions abound for this nascent industry: What will MakerDAO do to restore its spot as the king of DeFi? Will Uniswap join the liquidity mining trend? Will anyone stick all these governance tokens into a decentralized autonomous organization (DAO)? Or would that be a yield farmers co-op?
Whatever happens, crypto’s yield farmers will keep moving fast. Some fresh fields may open and some may soon bear much less luscious fruit.
But that’s the nice thing about farming in DeFi: It is very easy to switch fields.
submitted by pascalbernoulli to Yield_Farming [link] [comments]

Collapse of MakerDAO Keepers: $4.5M lost & how to become a Keeper to earn 13%+ liquidation penalties by providing liquidity to MakerDAO Keeper Pool.

TL;DR - join waitlist for MakerDAO Keeper Pool to earn yield on DAI/ETH/USDC/USDT/Chai/sUSD/cDAI from liquidation penalties and ETH/DAI arbitrage profits earned in collateral auctions by the Keeper Pool (zero fee pool, non-custodial of course:) - https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSfekQcjT5up5Uh2W_C2W0U5zJ5miLd5ott_87CW8-dDH75TZg/viewform
________
Unfortunately, many of us became victims of MakerDAO collateral auctions market. This market was brought to its knees today, resulting in:
1) Losses affecting some of the MakerDAO Vault holders (borrowers of DAI from the Multi-Collateral DAI system), and
2) Losses affecting 100% of MKR token holders, - minting enough MKR and selling them for DAI to cover the missing DAI in the system. The auctions will begin on Wednesday, March 18, 2020.
For the last 14 hours I've been focusing on determining the root cause of the problem, and determining WHAT CAN I DO? to prevent this collapse from ever happening again.
Collapse of the MakerDAO Auctions.
Losses above is a result of a short-term monopoly in the auction market of collateral liquidation of MakerDAO vaults becoming under-collateralized with price of collateral (ETH, BAT) on the decline. This monopoly existed for ~3.5 hours this morning, allowing a single Keeper to buy close to $4.5M worth of ETH in exchange for ~0 DAI + gas fees.
The collapse negatively affected two classes of market participants:
1) Victim class #1: MCD Vault holders who were being liquidated between ~10am EST until ~1pm EST
Please meet Paul, one of the people who lost money. Read his story:
https://www.reddit.com/MakerDAO/comments/fhn1qn/complete_vault_liquidation_no_eth_left/
If you still didn't get it, please meet BitBurst who lost his life savings today:
https://www.reddit.com/MakerDAO/comments/fhs7kp/just_got_100_liquidated_with_my_1713_eth_cdp_fck/
Want more? One of us with a Reddit handle 'phyzled' is calling for help:
https://www.reddit.com/MakerDAO/comments/fhrjxp/help_complete_liquidation/
Even 'Bitcoin_Bender' is threatened. Not just him but his life and his family are going downhill:
https://www.reddit.com/MakerDAO/comments/fhupn8/total_liquidation_mkr_holders_should_take/
2) Victim class #2: MKR holders who will be diluted on Wednesday, March 18th as a result of Flop auction - minting new MKR tokens and selling them at an auction until the auction proceeds cover the missing DAI ($4.5M DAI at the time of this writing).
WHAT HAPPENED?
Prior to ~10am EST, there were a lot of Keepers bidding against each other for collateral at 13% liquidation penalty. Keepers are software bots which monitor Vaults and participate in auctions for collateral of borrowers who became under-collateralized. Operators of such bots are incentivized with mandatory 13% liquidation penalty imposed on Vault collateral upon liquidation.
https://docs.makerdao.com/auctions/the-auctions-of-the-maker-protocol
https://docs.makerdao.com/smart-contract-modules/collateral-module/flipper-detailed-documentation
However, after 10am EST, a single liquidation auction bot was able to bid at 0 DAI (or slightly above) PER EACH COLLATERAL ETH BEING AUCTIONED, AND WIN THE AUCTION. As a result, this Keeper was effectively steal $4M worth of ETH collateral because the auction was designed to raise at least 4M DAI in exchange for the ETH that was auctioned during liquidations, however all except one Keepers stopping their operations, there was only one bidder. Any price above 0 would be accepted. As a result, but the Vault holders who supposed to receive some ETH back, never got any ETH back > making the effective liquidation penalty to over 50% instead of 13%.
Why did the Keeper's market collapse? Why most Keepers stop operating?
Unfortunately, most Keepers stopped operating this morning due to the following reasons:
Root cause #1: Catastrophic liquidity crunch. Keepers simply ran out of DAI to bid in the collateral auctions due to
1.a I believe some Keepers were unable to continue Keeper operations due to inability to liquidate ETH fast enough for DAI.
1.b Some Keepers shut down due to squeeze (bought ETH for 170 DAI, and hours later can only sell for 130 DAI at a loss - which is way more than 13% liquidation penalty).
Root cause #2: Network congestion. This brought many Keepers to its knees. Even with liquidity, many were unable participating in auctions due to stuck transactions & high gas costs. In addition, issues like longer client sync times + some Ethereum clients (like Parity) sufferring from known problems of keeping transactions stuck in Mempool for a very, very long time, amplified this problem.
PROPOSED SOLUTION - MakerDAO Keeper Pool.
Why don't we pool our liquidity (non-custodial pool, Uniswap-style) and give Keepers some competition!?
To prevent more people from losing their funds, I decided to fund development of a MakerDAO Keeper Pool, which will allow anybody to become a Keeper and participate in liquidations of collateral (to earn 13% liquidation penalty).
Background: During today’s Community Call (5 hours and still ongoing at the time of this writing), multiple members of the Maker community stressed importance of increasing # of Keepers servicing the MCD system in order to prevent yet another collapse of the Keepers market as it happened today.
To improve maturity of the Keepers market, increase the collective liquidity used by Keeper’s, engineers at Protofire.io (developers of MakerDAO governance dashboard https://mkrgov.science, Solhint - Solidity Linter https://github.com/protofire/solhint, maintainers of Gnosis Conditional Exchange https://github.com/protofire/gnosis-conditional-exchange) and risk team + engineering team at Atomica.org (developers of Atomica.org/unwind/) launched emergency efforts to ship one or more of the following ASAP:
  1. Web-based MakerDAO Keeper. Perform liquidations of 3rd party collateral from your browser as a Keeper. Earn 13% liquidation penalty.
  2. Open Source Keeper Templates. Run your own Keeper Bot on AWS - 1-click Installer for a MakerDAO Keeper Bot (open source Amazon Machine Image).
  3. Non-custodial MakerDAO Keeper Pool. Earn yield on DAI/ETH/USDC/USDT/cDAI/Chai from a pool running multiple Keeper bots servicing MakerDAO ecosystem. Join/Exit/Add/Withdraw DAI/ETH/USDC/USDT/cDAI/Chai, and earn 100% of liquidation penalties earned by the Keeper (zero fee pool).
Ultimately, we aim to:
- Upgrade the MakerDAO Keeper Pool to be a Keeper of Last Resort. Think of a Keeper backed by on-chain, guaranteed liquidity AND configured to participate in auctions with bids of at least 0.85 of the current ETH-DAI market price, as reported by oracles. So long as the Keeper Pool is operating, no Keeper will be able to take advantage of the system and cause yet another collapse of the MakerDAO Collateral Auction markets.
- Ship 3rd party JavaScript / npm library + Android/iOS SDKs to embed Web-based Keeper or MakerDAO Keeper Pool join/exit/add/withdraw liquidity into your own dApp, protocol, product or service.
If anyone is interested in developing/observing/joining MakerDAO Keeper Pool (for example by running their own Keeper using hardened AWS AMI template, or by providing liquidity (DAI/ETH/USDC/USDT/cDAI/Chai) to a Keeper Pool) - feel free to join our working group working to ship a MakerDAO Keeper Pool ASAP - https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSfekQcjT5up5Uh2W_C2W0U5zJ5miLd5ott_87CW8-dDH75TZg/viewform
Its not about what DeFi can do for you. It is about what YOU can do for DeFi.
submitted by renatco to ethereum [link] [comments]

Collapse of MakerDAO Auctions: $4.5M lost & how to become a Keeper to earn 13%+ liquidation penalties by providing liquidity to MakerDAO Keeper Pool.

TL;DR - join waitlist for MakerDAO Keeper Pool to earn yield on DAI/ETH/USDC/USDT/Chai/sUSD/cDAI from liquidation penalties and ETH/DAI arbitrage profits earned in collateral auctions by the Keeper Pool (zero fee pool, non-custodial of course:) - https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSfekQcjT5up5Uh2W_C2W0U5zJ5miLd5ott_87CW8-dDH75TZg/viewform
________
Unfortunately, many of us became victims of MakerDAO collateral auctions market. This market was brought to its knees today, resulting in:
1) Losses affecting some of the MakerDAO Vault holders (borrowers of DAI from the Multi-Collateral DAI system), and
2) Losses affecting 100% of MKR token holders, - minting enough MKR and selling them for DAI to cover the missing DAI in the system. The auctions will begin on Wednesday, March 18, 2020.
For the last 14 hours I've been focusing on determining the root cause of the problem, and determining WHAT CAN I DO? to prevent this collapse from ever happening again.
Collapse of the MakerDAO Auctions.
Losses above is a result of a short-term monopoly in the auction market of collateral liquidation of MakerDAO vaults becoming under-collateralized with price of collateral (ETH, BAT) on the decline. This monopoly existed for ~3.5 hours this morning, allowing a single Keeper to buy close to $4.5M worth of ETH in exchange for ~0 DAI + gas fees.
The collapse negatively affected two classes of market participants:
1) Victim class #1: MCD Vault holders who were being liquidated between ~10am EST until ~1pm EST
Please meet Paul, one of the people who lost money. Read his story:
https://www.reddit.com/MakerDAO/comments/fhn1qn/complete_vault_liquidation_no_eth_left/
If you still didn't get it, please meet BitBurst who lost his life savings today:
https://www.reddit.com/MakerDAO/comments/fhs7kp/just_got_100_liquidated_with_my_1713_eth_cdp_fck/
Want more? One of us with a Reddit handle 'phyzled' is calling for help:
https://www.reddit.com/MakerDAO/comments/fhrjxp/help_complete_liquidation/
Even 'Bitcoin_Bender' is threatened. Not just him but his life and his family are going downhill:
https://www.reddit.com/MakerDAO/comments/fhupn8/total_liquidation_mkr_holders_should_take/
2) Victim class #2: MKR holders who will be diluted on Wednesday, March 18th as a result of Flop auction - minting new MKR tokens and selling them at an auction until the auction proceeds cover the missing DAI ($4.5M DAI at the time of this writing).
WHAT HAPPENED?
Prior to ~10am EST, there were a lot of Keepers bidding against each other for collateral at 13% liquidation penalty. Keepers are software bots which monitor Vaults and participate in auctions for collateral of borrowers who became under-collateralized. Operators of such bots are incentivized with mandatory 13% liquidation penalty imposed on Vault collateral upon liquidation.
https://docs.makerdao.com/auctions/the-auctions-of-the-maker-protocol
https://docs.makerdao.com/smart-contract-modules/collateral-module/flipper-detailed-documentation
However, after 10am EST, a single liquidation auction bot was able to bid at 0 DAI (or slightly above) PER EACH COLLATERAL ETH BEING AUCTIONED, AND WIN THE AUCTION. As a result, this Keeper was effectively steal $4M worth of ETH collateral because the auction was designed to raise at least 4M DAI in exchange for the ETH that was auctioned during liquidations, however all except one Keepers stopping their operations, there was only one bidder. Any price above 0 would be accepted. As a result, but the Vault holders who supposed to receive some ETH back, never got any ETH back > making the effective liquidation penalty to over 50% instead of 13%.
Why did the Keeper's market collapse? Why most Keepers stop operating?
Unfortunately, most Keepers stopped operating this morning due to the following reasons:
Root cause #1: Catastrophic liquidity crunch. Keepers simply ran out of DAI to bid in the collateral auctions due to
1.a I believe some Keepers were unable to continue Keeper operations due to inability to liquidate ETH fast enough for DAI.
1.b Some Keepers shut down due to squeeze (bought ETH for 170 DAI, and hours later can only sell for 130 DAI at a loss - which is way more than 13% liquidation penalty).
Root cause #2: Network congestion. This brought many Keepers to its knees. Even with liquidity, many were unable participating in auctions due to stuck transactions & high gas costs. In addition, issues like longer client sync times + some Ethereum clients (like Parity) sufferring from known problems of keeping transactions stuck in Mempool for a very, very long time, amplified this problem.
PROPOSED SOLUTION - MakerDAO Keeper Pool.
Why don't we pool our liquidity (non-custodial pool, Uniswap-style) and give Keepers some competition!?
To prevent more people from losing their funds, I decided to fund development of a MakerDAO Keeper Pool, which will allow anybody to become a Keeper and participate in liquidations of collateral (to earn 13% liquidation penalty).
Background: During today’s Community Call (5 hours and still ongoing at the time of this writing), multiple members of the Maker community stressed importance of increasing # of Keepers servicing the MCD system in order to prevent yet another collapse of the Keepers market as it happened today.
To improve maturity of the Keepers market, increase the collective liquidity used by Keeper’s, engineers at Protofire.io (developers of MakerDAO governance dashboard https://mkrgov.science, Solhint - Solidity Linter https://github.com/protofire/solhint, maintainers of Gnosis Conditional Exchange https://github.com/protofire/gnosis-conditional-exchange) and risk team + engineering team at Atomica.org (developers of Atomica.org/unwind/) launched emergency efforts to ship one or more of the following ASAP:
  1. Web-based MakerDAO Keeper. Perform liquidations of 3rd party collateral from your browser as a Keeper. Earn 13% liquidation penalty.
  2. Open Source Keeper Templates. Run your own Keeper Bot on AWS - 1-click Installer for a MakerDAO Keeper Bot (open source Amazon Machine Image).
  3. Non-custodial MakerDAO Keeper Pool. Earn yield on DAI/ETH/USDC/USDT/cDAI/Chai from a pool running multiple Keeper bots servicing MakerDAO ecosystem. Join/Exit/Add/Withdraw DAI/ETH/USDC/USDT/cDAI/Chai, and earn 100% of liquidation penalties earned by the Keeper (zero fee pool).
Ultimately, we aim to:
- Upgrade the MakerDAO Keeper Pool to be a Keeper of Last Resort. Think of a Keeper backed by on-chain, guaranteed liquidity AND configured to participate in auctions with bids of at least 0.85 of the current ETH-DAI market price, as reported by oracles. So long as the Keeper Pool is operating, no Keeper will be able to take advantage of the system and cause yet another collapse of the MakerDAO Collateral Auction markets.
- Ship 3rd party JavaScript / npm library + Android/iOS SDKs to embed Web-based Keeper or MakerDAO Keeper Pool join/exit/add/withdraw liquidity into your own dApp, protocol, product or service.
If anyone is interested in developing/observing/joining MakerDAO Keeper Pool (for example by running their own Keeper using hardened AWS AMI template, or by providing liquidity (DAI/ETH/USDC/USDT/cDAI/Chai) to a Keeper Pool) - feel free to join our working group working to ship a MakerDAO Keeper Pool ASAP - https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSfekQcjT5up5Uh2W_C2W0U5zJ5miLd5ott_87CW8-dDH75TZg/viewform
Its not about what DeFi can do for you. It is about what YOU can do for DeFi.
submitted by renatco to defi [link] [comments]

⚡ Lightning Network Megathread ⚡

Last updated 2018-01-29
This post is a collaboration with the Bitcoin community to create a one-stop source for Lightning Network information.
There are still questions in the FAQ that are unanswered, if you know the answer and can provide a source please do so!

⚡What is the Lightning Network? ⚡

Explanations:

Image Explanations:

Specifications / White Papers

Videos

Lightning Network Experts on Reddit

  • starkbot - (Elizabeth Stark - Lightning Labs)
  • roasbeef - (Olaoluwa Osuntokun - Lightning Labs)
  • stile65 - (Alex Akselrod - Lightning Labs)
  • cfromknecht - (Conner Fromknecht - Lightning Labs)
  • RustyReddit - (Rusty Russell - Blockstream)
  • cdecker - (Christian Decker - Blockstream)
  • Dryja - (Tadge Dryja - Digital Currency Initiative)
  • josephpoon - (Joseph Poon)
  • fdrn - (Fabrice Drouin - ACINQ )
  • pmpadiou - (Pierre-Marie Padiou - ACINQ)

Lightning Network Experts on Twitter

  • @starkness - (Elizabeth Stark - Lightning Labs)
  • @roasbeef - (Olaoluwa Osuntokun - Lightning Labs)
  • @stile65 - (Alex Akselrod - Lightning Labs)
  • @bitconner - (Conner Fromknecht - Lightning Labs)
  • @johanth - (Johan Halseth - Lightning Labs)
  • @bvu - (Bryan Vu - Lightning Labs)
  • @rusty_twit - (Rusty Russell - Blockstream)
  • @snyke - (Christian Decker - Blockstream)
  • @JackMallers - (Jack Mallers - Zap)
  • @tdryja - (Tadge Dryja - Digital Currency Initiative)
  • @jcp - (Joseph Poon)
  • @alexbosworth - (Alex Bosworth - yalls.org)

Medium Posts

Learning Resources

Books

Desktop Interfaces

Web Interfaces

Tutorials and resources

Lightning on Testnet

Lightning Wallets

Place a testnet transaction

Altcoin Trading using Lightning

  • ZigZag - Disclaimer You must trust ZigZag to send to Target Address

Lightning on Mainnet

Warning - Testing should be done on Testnet

Atomic Swaps

Developer Documentation and Resources

Lightning implementations

  • LND - Lightning Network Daemon (Golang)
  • eclair - A Scala implementation of the Lightning Network (Scala)
  • c-lightning - A Lightning Network implementation in C
  • lit - Lightning Network node software (Golang)
  • lightning-onion - Onion Routed Micropayments for the Lightning Network (Golang)
  • lightning-integration - Lightning Integration Testing Framework
  • ptarmigan - C++ BOLT-Compliant Lightning Network Implementation [Incomplete]

Libraries

Lightning Network Visualizers/Explorers

Testnet

Mainnet

Payment Processors

  • BTCPay - Next stable version will include Lightning Network

Community

Slack

IRC

Slack Channel

Discord Channel

Miscellaneous

⚡ Lightning FAQs ⚡

If you can answer please PM me and include source if possible. Feel free to help keep these answers up to date and as brief but correct as possible
Is Lightning Bitcoin?
Yes. You pick a peer and after some setup, create a bitcoin transaction to fund the lightning channel; it’ll then take another transaction to close it and release your funds. You and your peer always hold a bitcoin transaction to get your funds whenever you want: just broadcast to the blockchain like normal. In other words, you and your peer create a shared account, and then use Lightning to securely negotiate who gets how much from that shared account, without waiting for the bitcoin blockchain.
Is the Lightning Network open source?
Yes, Lightning is open source. Anyone can review the code (in the same way as the bitcoin code)
Who owns and controls the Lightning Network?
Similar to the bitcoin network, no one will ever own or control the Lightning Network. The code is open source and free for anyone to download and review. Anyone can run a node and be part of the network.
I’ve heard that Lightning transactions are happening “off-chain”…Does that mean that my bitcoin will be removed from the blockchain?
No, your bitcoin will never leave the blockchain. Instead your bitcoin will be held in a multi-signature address as long as your channel stays open. When the channel is closed; the final transaction will be added to the blockchain. “Off-chain” is not a perfect term, but it is used due to the fact that the transfer of ownership is no longer reflected on the blockchain until the channel is closed.
Do I need a constant connection to run a lightning node?
Not necessarily,
Example: A and B have a channel. 1 BTC each. A sends B 0.5 BTC. B sends back 0.25 BTC. Balance should be A = 0.75, B = 1.25. If A gets disconnected, B can publish the first Tx where the balance was A = 0.5 and B = 1.5. If the node B does in fact attempt to cheat by publishing an old state (such as the A=0.5 and B=1.5 state), this cheat can then be detected on-chain and used to steal the cheaters funds, i.e., A can see the closing transaction, notice it's an old one and grab all funds in the channel (A=2, B=0). The time that A has in order to react to the cheating counterparty is given by the CheckLockTimeVerify (CLTV) in the cheating transaction, which is adjustable. So if A foresees that it'll be able to check in about once every 24 hours it'll require that the CLTV is at least that large, if it's once a week then that's fine too. You definitely do not need to be online and watching the chain 24/7, just make sure to check in once in a while before the CLTV expires. Alternatively you can outsource the watch duties, in order to keep the CLTV timeouts low. This can be achieved both with trusted third parties or untrusted ones (watchtowers). In the case of a unilateral close, e.g., you just go offline and never come back, the other endpoint will have to wait for that timeout to expire to get its funds back. So peers might not accept channels with extremely high CLTV timeouts. -- Source
What Are Lightning’s Advantages?
Tiny payments are possible: since fees are proportional to the payment amount, you can pay a fraction of a cent; accounting is even done in thousandths of a satoshi. Payments are settled instantly: the money is sent in the time it takes to cross the network to your destination and back, typically a fraction of a second.
Does Lightning require Segregated Witness?
Yes, but not in theory. You could make a poorer lightning network without it, which has higher risks when establishing channels (you might have to wait a month if things go wrong!), has limited channel lifetime, longer minimum payment expiry times on each hop, is less efficient and has less robust outsourcing. The entire spec as written today assumes segregated witness, as it solves all these problems.
Can I Send Funds From Lightning to a Normal Bitcoin Address?
No, for now. For the first version of the protocol, if you wanted to send a normal bitcoin transaction using your channel, you have to close it, send the funds, then reopen the channel (3 transactions). In future versions, you and your peer would agree to spend out of your lightning channel funds just like a normal bitcoin payment, allowing you to use your lightning wallet like a normal bitcoin wallet.
Can I Make Money Running a Lightning Node?
Not really. Anyone can set up a node, and so it’s a race to the bottom on fees. In practice, we may see the network use a nominal fee and not change very much, which only provides an incremental incentive to route on a node you’re going to use yourself, and not enough to run one merely for fees. Having clients use criteria other than fees (e.g. randomness, diversity) in route selection will also help this.
What is the release date for Lightning on Mainnet?
Lightning is already being tested on the Mainnet Twitter Link but as for a specific date, Jameson Lopp says it best
Would there be any KYC/AML issues with certain nodes?
Nope, because there is no custody ever involved. It's just like forwarding packets. -- Source
What is the delay time for the recipient of a transaction receiving confirmation?
Furthermore, the Lightning Network scales not with the transaction throughput of the underlying blockchain, but with modern data processing and latency limits - payments can be made nearly as quickly as packets can be sent. -- Source
How does the lightning network prevent centralization?
Bitcoin Stack Exchange Answer
What are Channel Factories and how do they work?
Bitcoin Stack Exchange Answer
How does the Lightning network work in simple terms?
Bitcoin Stack Exchange Answer
How are paths found in Lightning Network?
Bitcoin Stack Exchange Answer
How would the lightning network work between exchanges?
Each exchange will get to decide and need to implement the software into their system, but some ideas have been outlined here: Google Doc - Lightning Exchanges
Note that by virtue of the usual benefits of cost-less, instantaneous transactions, lightning will make arbitrage between exchanges much more efficient and thus lead to consistent pricing across exchange that adopt it. -- Source
How do lightning nodes find other lightning nodes?
Stack Exchange Answer
Does every user need to store the state of the complete Lightning Network?
According to Rusty's calculations we should be able to store 1 million nodes in about 100 MB, so that should work even for mobile phones. Beyond that we have some proposals ready to lighten the load on endpoints, but we'll cross that bridge when we get there. -- Source
Would I need to download the complete state every time I open the App and make a payment?
No you'd remember the information from the last time you started the app and only sync the differences. This is not yet implemented, but it shouldn't be too hard to get a preliminary protocol working if that turns out to be a problem. -- Source
What needs to happen for the Lightning Network to be deployed and what can I do as a user to help?
Lightning is based on participants in the network running lightning node software that enables them to interact with other nodes. This does not require being a full bitcoin node, but you will have to run "lnd", "eclair", or one of the other node softwares listed above.
All lightning wallets have node software integrated into them, because that is necessary to create payment channels and conduct payments on the network, but you can also intentionally run lnd or similar for public benefit - e.g. you can hold open payment channels or channels with higher volume, than you need for your own transactions. You would be compensated in modest fees by those who transact across your node with multi-hop payments. -- Source
Is there anyway for someone who isn't a developer to meaningfully contribute?
Sure, you can help write up educational material. You can learn and read more about the tech at http://dev.lightning.community/resources. You can test the various desktop and mobile apps out there (Lightning Desktop, Zap, Eclair apps). -- Source
Do I need to be a miner to be a Lightning Network node?
No -- Source
Do I need to run a full Bitcoin node to run a lightning node?
lit doesn't depend on having your own full node -- it automatically connects to full nodes on the network. -- Source
LND uses a light client mode, so it doesn't require a full node. The name of the light client it uses is called neutrino
How does the lightning network stop "Cheating" (Someone broadcasting an old transaction)?
Upon opening a channel, the two endpoints first agree on a reserve value, below which the channel balance may not drop. This is to make sure that both endpoints always have some skin in the game as rustyreddit puts it :-)
For a cheat to become worth it, the opponent has to be absolutely sure that you cannot retaliate against him during the timeout. So he has to make sure you never ever get network connectivity during that time. Having someone else also watching for channel closures and notifying you, or releasing a canned retaliation, makes this even harder for the attacker. This is because if he misjudged you being truly offline you can retaliate by grabbing all of its funds. Spotty connections, DDoS, and similar will not provide the attacker the necessary guarantees to make cheating worthwhile. Any form of uncertainty about your online status acts as a deterrent to the other endpoint. -- Source
How many times would someone need to open and close their lightning channels?
You typically want to have more than one channel open at any given time for redundancy's sake. And we imagine open and close will probably be automated for the most part. In fact we already have a feature in LND called autopilot that can automatically open channels for a user.
Frequency will depend whether the funds are needed on-chain or more useful on LN. -- Source
Will the lightning network reduce BTC Liquidity due to "locking-up" funds in channels?
Stack Exchange Answer
Can the Lightning Network work on any other cryptocurrency? How?
Stack Exchange Answer
When setting up a Lightning Network Node are fees set for the entire node, or each channel when opened?
You don't really set up a "node" in the sense that anyone with more than one channel can automatically be a node and route payments. Fees on LN can be set by the node, and can change dynamically on the network. -- Source
Can Lightning routing fees be changed dynamically, without closing channels?
Yes but it has to be implemented in the Lightning software being used. -- Source
How can you make sure that there will be routes with large enough balances to handle transactions?
You won't have to do anything. With autopilot enabled, it'll automatically open and close channels based on the availability of the network. -- Source
How does the Lightning Network stop flooding nodes (DDoS) with micro transactions? Is this even an issue?
Stack Exchange Answer

Unanswered Questions

How do on-chain fees work when opening and closing channels? Who pays the fee?
How does the Lightning Network work for mobile users?
What are the best practices for securing a lightning node?
What is a lightning "hub"?
How does lightning handle cross chain (Atomic) swaps?

Special Thanks and Notes

  • Many links found from awesome-lightning-network github
  • Everyone who submitted a question or concern!
  • I'm continuing to format for an easier Mobile experience!
submitted by codedaway to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Looking back 18 months.

I was going through old emails today and came across this one I sent out to family on January 4, 2018. It was a reflection on the 2017 crypto bull market and where I saw it heading, as well as some general advice on crypto, investment, and being safe about how you handle yourself in cryptoland.
I feel that we are on the cusp of a new bull market right now, so I thought that I would put this out for at least a few people to see *before* the next bull run, not after. While the details have changed, I don't see a thing in this email that I fundamentally wouldn't say again, although I'd also probably insist that people get a Yubikey and use that for all 2FA where it is supported.
Happy reading, and sorry for some of the formatting weirdness -- I cleaned it up pretty well from the original email formatting, but I love lists and indents and Reddit has limitations... :-/
Also, don't laught at my token picks from January 2018! It was a long time ago and (luckliy) I took my own advice about moving a bunch into USD shortly after I sent this. I didn't hit the top, and I came back in too early in the summer of 2018, but I got lucky in many respects.
----------------------------------------------------------------------- Jan-4, 2018
Hey all!
I woke up this morning to ETH at a solid $1000 and decided to put some thoughts together on what I think crypto has done and what I think it will do. *******, if you could share this to your kids I’d appreciate it -- I don’t have e-mail addresses, and it’s a bit unwieldy for FB Messenger… Hopefully they’ll at least find it thought-provoking. If not, they can use it as further evidence that I’m a nutjob. 😉
Some history before I head into the future.
I first mined some BTC in 2011 or 2012 (Can’t remember exactly, but it was around the Christmas holidays when I started because I had time off from work to get it set up and running.) I kept it up through the start of summer in 2012, but stopped because it made my PC run hot and as it was no longer winter, ********** didn’t appreciate the sound of the fans blowing that hot air into the room any more. I’ve always said that the first BTC I mined was at $1, but looking back at it now, that’s not true – It was around $2. Here’s a link to BTC price history.
In the summer of 2013 I got a new PC and moved my programs and files over before scrapping the old one. I hadn’t touched my BTC mining folder for a year then, and I didn’t even think about salvaging those wallet files. They are now gone forever, including the 9-10BTC that were in them. While I can intellectually justify the loss, it was sloppy and underlines a key thing about cryptocurrency that I believe will limit its widespread adoption by the general public until it is addressed and solved: In cryptoland, you are your own bank, and if you lose your password or account number, there is no person or organization that can help you reset it so that you can get access back. Your money is gone forever.
On April 12, 2014 I bought my first BTC through Coinbase. BTC had spiked to $1000 and been in the news, at least in Japan. This made me remember my old wallet and freak out for a couple of months trying to find it and reclaim the coins. I then FOMO’d (Fear Of Missing Out”) and bought $100 worth of BTC. I was actually very lucky in my timing and bought at around $430. Even so, except for a brief 50% swing up almost immediately afterwards that made me check prices 5 times a day, BTC fell below my purchase price by the end of September and I didn’t get back to even until the end of 2015.
In May 2015 I bought my first ETH at around $1. I sent some guy on bitcointalk ~$100 worth of BTC and he sent me 100 ETH – all on trust because the amounts were small and this was a small group of people. BTC was down in the $250 range at that point, so I had lost 30-40% of my initial investment. This was of the $100 invested, so not that much in real terms, but huge in percentages. It also meant that I had to buy another $100 of BTC on Coinbase to send to this guy. A few months after I purchased my ETH, BTC had doubled and ETH had gone down to $0.50, halving the value of my ETH holdings. I was even on the first BTC purchase finally, but was now down 50% on the ETH I had bought.
The good news was that this made me start to look at things more seriously. Where I had skimmed white papers and gotten a superficial understanding of the technology before FOMO’ing, I started to act as an investor, not a speculator. Let me define how I see those two different types of activity:
So what has been my experience as an investor? After sitting out the rest of 2015 because I needed to understand the market better, I bought into ETH quite heavily, with my initial big purchases being in March-April of 2016. Those purchases were in the $11-$14 range. ETH, of course, dropped immediately to under $10, then came back and bounced around my purchase range for a while until December of 2016, when I purchased a lot more at around $8.
I also purchased my first ICO in August of 2016, HEAT. I bought 25ETH worth. Those tokens are now worth about half of their ICO price, so about 12.5ETH or $12500 instead of the $25000 they would be worth if I had just kept ETH. There are some other things with HEAT that mean I’ve done quite a bit better than those numbers would suggest, but the fact is that the single best thing I could have done is to hold ETH and not spend the effort/time/cost of working with HEAT. That holds true for about every top-25 token on the market when compared to ETH. It certainly holds true for the many, many tokens I tried to trade in Q1-Q2 of 2017. In almost every single case I would have done better and slept better had I just held ETH instead of trying to be smarter than Mr. Market.
But, I made money on all of them except one because the crypto market went up more in USD terms than any individual coin went down in ETH or BTC terms. This underlines something that I read somewhere and that I take to heart: A rising market makes everyone seem like a genius. A monkey throwing darts at a list of the top 100 cryptocurrencies last year would have doubled his money. Here’s a chart from September that shows 2017 year-to-date returns for the top 10 cryptocurrencies, and all of them went up a *lot* more between then and December. A monkey throwing darts at this list there would have quintupled his money.
When evaluating performance, then, you have to beat the monkey, and preferably you should try to beat a Wall Street monkey. I couldn’t, so I stopped trying around July 2017. My benchmark was the BLX, a DAA (Digital Asset Array – think fund like a Fidelity fund) created by ICONOMI. I wasn’t even close to beating the BLX returns, so I did several things.
  1. I went from holding about 25 different tokens to holding 10 now. More on that in a bit.
  2. I used those funds to buy ETH and BLX. ETH has done crazy-good since then and BLX has beaten BTC handily, although it hasn’t done as well as ETH.
  3. I used some of those funds to set up an arbitrage operation.
The arbitrage operation is why I kept the 11 tokens that I have now. All but a couple are used in an ETH/token pair for arbitrage, and each one of them except for one special case is part of BLX. Why did I do that? I did that because ICONOMI did a better job of picking long-term holds than I did, and in arbitrage the only speculative thing you must do is pick the pairs to trade. My pairs are (No particular order):
I also hold PLU, PLBT, and ART. These two are multi-year holds for me. I have not purchased BTC once since my initial $200, except for a few cases where BTC was the only way to go to/from an altcoin that didn’t trade against ETH yet. Right now I hold about the same 0.3BTC that I held after my first $100 purchase, so I don’t really count it.
Looking forward to this year, I am positioning myself as follows:
Looking at my notes, I have two other things that I wanted to work into this email that I didn’t get to, so here they are:
  1. Just like with free apps and other software, if you are getting something of value and you didn’t pay anything for it, you need to ask why this is. With apps, the phrase is “If you didn’t pay for the product, you are the product”, and this works for things such as pump groups, tips, and even technical analysis. Here’s how I see it.
    1. People don’t give tips on stocks or crypto that they don’t already own that stock or token. Why would they, since if they convince anyone to buy it, the price only goes up as a result, making it more expensive for them to buy in? Sure, you will have friends and family that may do this, but people in a crypto club, your local cryptocurrency meetup, or online are generally not your friends. They are there to make money, and if they can get you to help them make money, they will do it. Pump groups are the worst of these, and no matter how enticing it may look, stay as far away as possible from these scams. I even go so far as to report them when I see them advertise on FB or Twitter, because they are violating the terms of use.
    2. Technical analysis (TA) is something that has been argued about for longer than I’ve been alive, but I think that it falls into the same boat. In short, TA argues that there are patterns in trading that can be read and acted upon to signal when one must buy or sell. It has been used forever in the stock and foreign exchange markets, and people use it in crypto as well. Let’s break down these assumptions a bit.
i. First, if crypto were like the stock or forex markets we’d all be happy with 5-7% gains per year rather than easily seeing that in a day. For TA to work the same way in crypto as it does in stocks and foreign exchange, the signals would have to be *much* stronger and faster-reacting than they work in the traditional market, but people use them in exactly the same way.
ii. Another area where crypto is very different than the stock and forex markets centers around market efficiency theory. This theory says that markets are efficient and that the price reflects all the available information at any given time. This is why gold in New York is similar in price to gold in London or Shanghai, and why arbitrage margins are easily <0.1% in those markets compared to cryptoland where I can easily get 10x that. Crypto simply has too much speculation and not enough professional traders in it yet to operate as an efficient market. That fundamentally changes the way that the market behaves and should make any TA patterns from traditional markets irrelevant in crypto.
iii. There are services, both free and paid that claim to put out signals based on TA for when one should buy and sell. If you think for even a second that they are not front-running (Placing orders ahead of yours to profit.) you and the other people using the service, you’re naïve.
iv. Likewise, if you don’t think that there are people that have but together computerized systems to get ahead of people doing manual TA, you’re naïve. The guys that I have programming my arbitrage bots have offered to build me a TA bot and set up a service to sell signals once our position is taken. I said no, but I am sure that they will do it themselves or sell that to someone else. Basically they look at TA as a tip machine where when a certain pattern is seen, people act on that “tip”. They use software to see that “tip” faster and take a position on it so that when slower participants come in they either have to sell lower or buy higher than the TA bot did. Remember, if you are getting a tip for free, you’re the product. In TA I see a system when people are all acting on free preset “tips” and getting played by the more sophisticated market participants. Again, you have to beat that Wall Street monkey.
  1. If you still don’t agree that TA is bogus, think about it this way: If TA was real, Wall Street would have figured it out decades ago and we would have TA funds that would be beating the market. We don’t.
  2. If you still don’t agree that TA is bogus and that its real and well, proven, then you must think that all smart traders use them. Now follow that logic forward and think about what would happen if every smart trader pushing big money followed TA. The signals would only last for a split second and would then be overwhelmed by people acting on them, making them impossible to leverage. This is essentially what the efficient market theory postulates for all information, including TA.
OK, the one last item. Read this weekly newsletter – You can sign up at the bottom. It is free, so they’re selling something, right? 😉 From what I can tell, though, Evan is a straight-up guy who posts links and almost zero editorial comments.
Happy 2018.
submitted by uetani to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Last time we mentioned the upcoming update to OneExBit trading terminal - it's really epic, and today we'll tell you a bit more about it!

Last time we mentioned the upcoming update to OneExBit trading terminal - it's really epic, and today we'll tell you a bit more about it!
Dear all, 🌞
Last time we mentioned the upcoming update to OneExBit trading terminal – it's really epic, and today we'll tell you a bit more about it!
So, our upgraded terminal will have:
- An all-new arbitrage bot – with an even better arbitrage windows search!
- Payments in Bitcoin for all our premium services;
- New pricing plans – you can choose the set of exclusive features you need and pay in BTC;
- An open-source version: we've decided to give the public access to our source code!
Don't miss our release announcement!
🔵We are created for your profit
❤️ Onex Team
📌Guide https://oneexbit.com/docs/
https://preview.redd.it/i249inr7hy841.jpg?width=3000&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=de0ec025ebafea4acbe1031d723691524ea43f3b
🔹Website: https://oneexbit.com
🔹Twitter: https://twitter.com/Oneexbit1
🔹Telegram: https://t.me/oneexbit
🔹Discord: https://discord.gg/4QtsXck
🔹GitHub: https://github.com/oneexbit/oneexbit-release/
🔹Whitepaper: https://oneexbit.com/whitepaper-onex.pdf
🔹Medium: https://medium.com/@smmonex
🔹Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/usesmmoneexbit
🔹Bitcointalk: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=512969
submitted by smmoneexbit to u/smmoneexbit [link] [comments]

Last time we mentioned the upcoming update to OneExBit trading terminal – it's really epic, and today we'll tell you a bit more about it!

Last time we mentioned the upcoming update to OneExBit trading terminal – it's really epic, and today we'll tell you a bit more about it!
Dear all, 🌞
Last time we mentioned the upcoming update to OneExBit trading terminal – it's really epic, and today we'll tell you a bit more about it!
So, our upgraded terminal will have:
- An all-new arbitrage bot – with an even better arbitrage windows search!
- Payments in Bitcoin for all our premium services;
- New pricing plans – you can choose the set of exclusive features you need and pay in BTC;
- An open-source version: we've decided to give the public access to our source code!
Don't miss our release announcement!
🔵We are created for your profit
❤️ Onex Team
📌Guide https://oneexbit.com/docs/
https://preview.redd.it/n7nyc5hogy841.jpg?width=3000&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=42a838714a076144a0d6b772914643ca5315d36d
🔹Website: https://oneexbit.com
🔹Twitter: https://twitter.com/Oneexbit1
🔹Telegram: https://t.me/oneexbit
🔹Discord: https://discord.gg/4QtsXck
🔹GitHub: https://github.com/oneexbit/oneexbit-release/
🔹Whitepaper: https://oneexbit.com/whitepaper-onex.pdf
🔹Medium: https://medium.com/@smmonex
🔹Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/usesmmoneexbit
🔹Bitcointalk: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=512969
submitted by smmoneexbit to u/smmoneexbit [link] [comments]

Trading, psychology, and the benefits of Trading Bots.

Trading, psychology, and the benefits of Trading Bots.

https://preview.redd.it/8lhgwekhbmv31.jpg?width=823&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=35c417aa683b9fcdf37a126127c2e60c3ab405c2
Most beginners who open trading accounts on cryptocurrency exchanges and start independent trading, see only one goal — to earn as quickly as possible.
This is a big mistake. The fact is that trading on the stock exchange will only become truly profitable when it becomes a priority for the person who came to trading. As a rule, to combine trade with any other occupation and at the same time everywhere to succeed will not work.
Trading for a novice trader should be if not the main, then a very important and priority occupation. No need to wait for quick results.
Trading on the stock exchange — the same profession as a doctor, Builder or engineer. The only difference is that she can’t go to University. Just as one learns to be a Builder for five years, so it takes years to learn all the wisdom and secrets of the trade. Trading on the stock exchange is not a Stayer distance, it is a marathon. And the winner is the one who will find the courage to reach the end.
In addition, trade is very much changing a person, showing his qualities, which in everyday life he does not know. Over time, if a trader really wants to succeed in trading, he must completely rethink his life, change the system of values and look at many things, change himself.

Fear as a Component of Trading

The strongest emotion known to man is, of course, fear. What gives rise to the exchange’s fears? We can not predict the behavior of the market, and therefore fully control their money invested in its instruments. In addition to the unknown, when there is no understanding of how to safely get out of a predicament, we are afraid in advance of what traumatized us earlier. Because fear is so emotional, you need to surround yourself with the right facts to drive it away. We need to know for sure that our trading system should not generate more than three consecutive losing trades. Winners plan what to do if their trades fail.
So only a systematic approach will protect us from ourselves. That is why the investment rules written in the trading templates exist not only to communicate the best market opportunities but, more importantly, to protect us from our own internal “demons”.

Emotions in Trading

Seekers of strong emotions, adrenaline forget everything in pursuit of excitement. It follows that a novice investor, overtaken by the “adrenaline curse”, will trade at the slightest opportunity. Yet Dostoevsky, one of the most famous and avid players, said that for him the most acute feeling in life — to win money. The second most acute feeling is to lose them.
Paradoxically, few things give more pleasure than getting rid of the pain and torment of being in a losing trade. This creates a mental internal conflict. Awareness of losses brings “excitement” or a sense of exaltation, and our emotionality does not care what we pay for these experiences losses in the brokerage account. “Adrenaline curse” will drive us into the trade for thrills and extract them from there, regardless of the price.

Intuition on the Exchange

The mind of an intuitive investor tries to construct mental constructions of events. I will try to explain what mental construction is by the example of a chess player’s thinking. The grandmaster understands and remembers the position of each figure in terms of its mental constructions and relationships inherent in the arrangement of figures. The random arrangement of the figures does not fit into any of his mental constructs, and he cannot structure what he sees.
Market patterns on cryptocurrency charts compared to chess compositions include an excessive element of chaos so that they can be interpreted intuitively. Investors with intuition are able to achieve success with the help of” flair”, but this flair often leaves them. The intellect of the rational trader, on the contrary, is manifested in his ability to logically comprehend what is happening to him and to the reality around him and to make on this basis the simplest and most correct decision. Intuition is the ability of a person to penetrate into the essence of things not by reasoning or logical thinking, but by instantaneous, unconscious insight. This is the ability of a trader to “ see the market not with his mind but with his heart.” But, even with a highly developed intuition, you can not act on the market, using only it.This is the trap of intuitive trading — it is impossible to learn.

Fear of Taking Responsibility

What distinguishes successful traders from losers who lose money? First of all look at life. Most people are very passive.
If you ask people if they are happy with their lives, the answer is likely to be negative. On the question of who is to blame, I would say that the fault of the parents who have not given a good education, why now not get a good job; blame the employer who delays wages; blame the dollar, which is rising, then falling; to blame the President and the government who do not pay pensions, etc., In their troubles and problems most of the people blame anyone but themselves.
The same thing happens in the market because the exchange is a mirror of our life. Talk to the trader losing money, ask why he can’t make money in the market. He replied that the fault of the insiders, manipulators, blame the binary options broker too much Commission, to blame the neighbor who suggested the deal, which turned into a heavy loss. In other words, he himself would have been a millionaire long ago, but for a number of reasons, certainly beyond his control, until that happened.
If a person wants to achieve something-not just to lead a life, which are millions of ordinary people (every day to go to work, save five years for a car, twenty years for an apartment, etc.), and to live a full life, so that the financial issue went into the background, to work for fun, not for money, he needs to take responsibility for everything that happens in his life. A person needs to realize that the cause of everything that happens to him is himself.It is this view that allows you to succeed in life and in any business. And trade is no exception.
This is the way successful traders look at life. Once you realize that the cause of all your losses is yourself, and not some mythical manipulators, then the case will move forward.
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In the age of digital technologies, when artificial intelligence develops, computer technologies improve, mankind creates various tools to facilitate their own life and everyday life.
If we pay attention to trading, then this direction is actively developing, getting new and unique tools. Since any trader (beginner or experienced specialist) is subject to emotions and various psychological factors, there are tools such as trading bots.

Trading Bots/Robots

A trading robot (bot) is a program that has a certain algorithm. It buys or sells cryptocurrency assets, focusing on the situation in the market. The first trading robots appeared in 2012, and since then they have become more and more perfect. Currently, according to some estimates, 90% of short-term transactions are made either by bots or with their participation.
Bots are usually developed for specific trading platforms. Most cryptocurrency exchanges have an API, and they are generally positive about free auto trading within their platform.
In contrast to the positive attitude to exchange robots, exchanges often have a negative attitude to arbitration robots. On the rules of trade can be found in the official documentation of the exchange, and if there is no such information, the question can be asked directly to technical support.Some people wonder: is it possible to write your bot trader? This is not an easy option, which is suitable only for experienced programmers. After writing, bots are tested for a long time in the market, corrected numerous errors, corrected strategy.
A programmer can also write a bot based on someone else’s code. Some bots are open source, and anyone can find it on GitHub and modify it to fit their needs.
Buy a bot for trading cryptocurrency: there are inexpensive programs for trading (about $ 10), and the cost of more high-quality and complex exceeds more than $ 200 and even $ 1000. There is no maximum price limit for bots, top bots are written to order $ 1500 and more.
Users are usually offered a choice of several tariff plans for crypto bots, from economy to luxury. The inexpensive option includes the most basic trading algorithms, and the expensive one brings maximum profit and works on more complex algorithms. Arbitration bots are a more expensive exchange. Known cases when downloading the bot, people got on your computer virus-miner or virus-cipher, which encrypt all your personal files and demanded a ransom in bitcoin, usually in bitcoin. Naturally, after transferring the ransom to the specified wallet, no decryption of the files occurred.
Trading strategy of stock and arbitrage bots can be very simple, for example:- When the price of cryptocurrency decreases, you need to buy it.- If the price rises, it should be sold.- Or much more complicated. The algorithm can take into account historical data for the last time, indicators, navigate by signals. Quality bots analyze more than a hundred parameters when placing orders.
Some programs do not change the algorithm, and there are bots that can connect or configure additional parameters. This option is well suited for experienced traders who have their own preferences in the style of trading.
A standard bot can perform such actions:- To assess the market situation, to monitor the rate at a given period of time, to make a forecast. In manual trading, it can show signals to the trader.- Create buy or sell orders.- To report on the profit or loss received.
On the example of our IMBA-Exchange, we came to the conclusion that we also need to provide an opportunity for each trader to use bots so that they can be in a comfortable trading environment.
Our exchange specialists are developing their own bot for cryptocurrency trading, which will be an excellent and convenient addition to every trader who wants to eliminate the psychological factor and seeks to get stable earnings without losing personal time.
*******************************************************************************************************
IMBA-Exchange Metronix bot makes life easier for every investor.
For example, Ing. Michael Eder the CEO of IMBA-Exchange, who has 10 years of experience in trading and the last 3 years in cryptocurrency trading, has firmly decided for himself that in the current realities trading on the exchange simply needs bots:
Throughout the time that I have been trading, I can confidently say that today trading bots are necessary for all traders as the main tool. No matter how long you are in exchange trading, but the nature of the person is designed so that under the influence of psychological factors, market conditions, etc. You still make mistakes and, as a result, this leads to financial losses.Our Metronix Trading Bot will help to solve these problems and eliminate negative consequences. A bot is a tool; it has no feelings. He performs a specific task for a given program and performs it almost unmistakably. The task of the trader is to monitor the situation on the market and correctly, as well as at the right time to configure your bot.
Stay with us, in front of you will find many interesting and new.
Material developed by experts IMBA-Exchange
submitted by IMBA-Exchange to u/IMBA-Exchange [link] [comments]

Rebalancing Crypto Portfolio: What is BAT, Brave, PAY & TenX?


I just sold off my entire PAY holdings to buy BAT tokens. My average cost for PAY tokens was around $0.90 and I bought 502 of them (current price is around $0.30). I had around 200 initially but added on another 300 late last year in Dec 2018. The reason is that the company is issuing a 1-to-1 new TenX token for every PAY token you hold. TenX token is a reward token that would be issued out in Q2 2019 and rewards (in the form of PAY) are expected to come in Q3 2019. The snapshot has already happened, meaning that I would receive 502 TenX tokens in a few months time, regardless of whether I sold my PAY tokens or not. You can read more about TenX token from their official blog post.
PAY will be the reward we receive starting from Q3 2019 and the payout will be made every quarterly depending on the company’s financial performance. My cost price for getting 502 PAY is around $458, which means I would need to get around $23 annually for a yield on cost of 5%. I will write a new post about TenX when I receive the new tokens and when the first rewards payout is distributed. Everything will happen in 2019, so stay tuned.
Who is TenX?
TenX is actually a crypto card company and their goal is simply to allow cryptocurrencies to be spent anywhere in the world. Here is actually a video of my first transaction buying Mac in bitcoin a few months back.
The experience was pretty cool, liberating and surreal I would say. You got to try it for yourself. For the first time in history, products and services can be bought with a currency that is not controlled by ANYONE or any intermediary. There won’t be bank bailouts, political issues, government failures, quantitative easing and that sort of stuff. The note in your wallet is basically an IOU, something the bank owes you, but the BTC in your wallet is solely yours and nobody can take it away from you, as long as you keep your private key safe.
We don’t really face all these problems in a first-world developed country, but the people who really need this are those from countries such as Venezuela. The country faces corruption and their notes are denominated in millions due to hyper-inflation. These worthless paper money are being dumped everywhere on the streets. I would not go too in-depth about this and you can read more about the inflationary impact of money from my previous post.
If you are interested, you can order a card from Tenx as the cards are available in Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Australia, New Zealand and recently Thailand. They are rolling out the cards in other regions progressively and their banking license in Europe is still in the process of happening. The orders for their Tenx card is insane. They are growing at around 10-15% every week I think.
Reason for Selling PAY Tokens
I sold off my PAY tokens because it was originally a reward token that gives out rewards from the pool of transaction fees when people spend using TenX card to all PAY token holders. However, they run into regulatory issues with this as “Securities Token” is an extremely sensitive topic in the regulatory arena. Hence, the TenX token was created with an added feature known as the ERC-1462. The rationale behind this is simply for compliance reasons; to comply with securities regulations and legal enforceability.
Utility of PAY Tokens
Now that TenX token has replaced the original utility of PAY as a “reward token”, you might ask what’s the function of PAY tokens now. This is a good question and the answer is: “nobody knows yet”. The team behind TenX is currently working on the utility of PAY tokens and no conclusive information is available at the moment. However, some of the possible ideas that were suggested include things like rebate fees, lower transaction fees when spending crypto or other specific uses for TenX services.
Since TenX token has already replaced PAY token as the reward paying coin, then it does not make sense for me to keep PAY tokens anymore. I am more interested in holding and buying the goose rather than keeping the eggs. Unless there is a strong utility function or incentive for me to hold the eggs, I really don’t see the rationale to hold my PAY tokens in the short-term. My investment philosophy in crypto is towards staking and rewards tokens that distribute some form of dividends one way or another. I believe the pool of money would work harder for me if I allocate it somewhere else.
What is Basic Attention Token (BAT) Token?
And where did I put it? I reallocated all my PAY tokens towards BAT tokens. So what is BAT? It’s not some kind of scammy, bs project. I don’t invest for the sake of quick random gains. I am actually grateful for the crypto winter as a “massive cleansing” is needed to drive out all the frauds and shitty projects that fail to make the cut. Those who survived will rebound even more resiliently and I am really looking forward to seeing the progress and adoption coming in. As the saying goes, “I’d rather lose money in crypto and end up being wrong than potentially miss the greatest investment opportunity of our generation.”
In my opinion, there are 2 things that would massively change in the next 5-10 years. One is China and the second is Blockchain. The latter has already become the most commonly discussed topics in World Economic Forums and these large giant monopolies are getting into the game. They have to because technological disruption is inevitable. You see Facebook, Tencent, Samsung, Microsoft, PwC, Deloitte, IBM, Walmart, Maersk, JP Morgan, Fidelity, Bakkt and the list goes on. They are all coming in. It’s only a matter of time. To find out more about institution money in crypto or how I got started, you can read about it in detail from my previous post.
Anyway, let’s cut the chase short.
So what’s BAT? To understand BAT, we must first understand the Brave Browser. BAT and Brave Browser work hand-in-hand and they are both founded by Brendan Eich, the person who created Javascript and Mozilla Firefox. I shall let the father of Javascript do the introduction rather than me writing all about it.
Problems of the Current Advertising Model
Problem #1: Our browsers are filled with countless trackers and Ads that are annoying and invasive. I am sure you have experienced the case where you researched something, and the ads related to what you are reading on started popping up everywhere the next moment. These are all run by trackers and the internet is attempting to build a digital profile about you so that they can sell you stuff.
Problem #2: Publishers are earning pennies. Well-known famous bloggers in Singapore can vouch to this. They don’t earn much from ad revenues on their sites. The problem with our current digital advertising industry is it is run by monopoly companies such as Google Ad sense and Facebook Ads. They take a huge cut of revenue (73%) from the publishers because they can. They have earned monopoly status.
Problem #3: There is a huge load of middlemen and intermediaries between the marketer and publisher. For a single ad unit to pass through to the publisher, it has to go through all these data aggregators, data management platform, data suppliers, analytics, verification and the list goes on. Money is being leaked out to all these central intermediaries and it adds up to a high transaction cost to brand ad campaigns.
Problem #4: Users often use ad blockers and over 600 million users and phones run ad-blocking to block off unwanted annoying ads. The result of this affects advertisers and publishers as their “ads” are not being directed towards users. Targetting is poor and users are ignoring ads.
Problem #5: The whole advertising ecosystem is plagued with frauds, malware, ransom-ware and some marketers are being fooled by bogus websites. There are tons of fraud bots going around the internet and our browser is vulnerable to all these hacks & viruses.
How can Brave & BAT solve the problems?
I will not go too in-depth with the elaborations as this post is meant to document the recent transaction I made on my crypto portfolio. Basically, Brave is a browser that is designed to block off ALL trackers and Ads. This result in a browser that is faster, more secure and more private. The BAT token is a utility token for 3 groups of people: Users, Publishers and Advertisers. Users are being paid with BAT tokens to view ads if they choose to opt-in for the option to view ads. Advertisers are required to purchase BAT tokens to advertise. Publishers are being paid based on the attention time users spent on the sites. Users can choose to make micro-contributions to tip their favourite content creators and websites. Publishers can offer premium content to users and payments can be in the form of BAT tokens. To read more about how the Brave Browser and BAT tokens work, you can read up about it over here.
How does it look like?
Here is an example of using the Brave browser. I have been using Brave for about 1 month and have since replaced Brave as the default browser over Google Chrome. You can see the number of Ads and trackers that are being blocked. Youtube and FB have a ton of all these trackers and ads. It’s really surprising to see the statistics. Not only that, the browser load time is faster, more secure and the best part? You are being PAID to view Ads. I don’t see any reasons not to like Brave. They actually did a test to compare between Chrome, Brave and Firefox. The results are 2x faster in desktop and 2-8x faster on mobile.
It would look something like this, where you can opt-in to receive BAT rewards for viewing Ads. If you don’t want these annoying Ads, you can disable the Brave Rewards function and no ads would pop up on your screen. Unfortunately, Ads are currently not available in Singapore yet, but they will be rolling out to the whole world by end of 2019. Countries such as the US, Canada, UK, France and Germany are already using it now. This feature was just released 3 weeks ago on 25 April 2019. People from these countries have already received their first payout of BAT tokens just from viewing ads on their browsers as of 8 May 2019. I would write a new post on this when ads are available in Singapore. Can’t wait for it.
Are you a Content Creator, Blogger, Youtuber, Website Owner?
If you fit into any of the above categories. Good news for you! Content creators form an integral part of the entire ecosystem and there is a huge opportunity for you to earn BAT tokens in the future. You are being paid for the content that you publish on the web. The more people visit your sites, the more time they spent on your sites, the more revenue you earn from their attention. Essentially, you are being paid by your audience based on the attention they spent on your site rather than relying on menial ad revenues. I would highly recommend that you sign up as a verified publisher on their web page. I have already verified my website. \This is not an affiliate link and I don’t earn any commissions*. It’s really up to you whether you want to be a verified publisher and earn BAT tokens in the future.
Why BAT Tokens?
The reason why I replaced PAY with BAT into my portfolio is because of the following charts which I am about to show you now.
The estimated download for Brave browser on Android is 25 million and an estimated 2 million downloads are being hit every month. The growth and adoption of Brave browser are turning parabolic as you can see from the charts above.
What Drives the Value of BAT Tokens?
Why is that so? The entire value of Brave and BAT comes from the network effect. It’s just like Grab, Uber or Airbnb. The more people use it, the more valuable the company will be. It starts with getting publishers onboard. After which, YouTubers, bloggers and publishers would spread the word out to their thousands and millions of subscribers and followers because they can earn 5 BAT tokens for every active download. There is an incentive for users to use Brave browser because it’s ad-free, faster, more secure and they are being PAID to view ads. This positive loop cycle compounds over time and it would eventually lead to an exponential growth of adoption in a short span of time. Do note that we are just talking about countries like the US, Canada, UK, France and Germany, when ads are available in other regions, especially when it comes to Asia, this thing will explode.
So why does having more people using Brave browser increase the value of BAT tokens? Well, this is because as mentioned earlier, advertisers have to use BAT tokens to advertise. If I told you that there are 500 million users on Brave and your ads are targeted to users based on their profile match and they are willing to view your ads voluntarily because they are being paid to do so, would you be interested in it? Brendan Eich has confirmed that there are 1,300 advertisers on Brave ads which are on the waiting list right now. When the floodgate opens, it would be interesting to see how the market reacts to it.
Dethroning Google’s Ad Business?
If you are vested on Alphabet or Google, this is something you should watch out real close. Their advertising revenue takes up a huge chunk of the group’s total revenue and its recent Q1 2019 earnings have declined due to lower contribution from ads. The switching cost between browsers is practically zero. If a growing number of users, publishers and advertisers are migrating from Google Chrome to Brave Browser, which is already happening now, Google’s advertising business would inevitably take a hit and this is perhaps the essence of what blockchain is all about. To decentralise monopolistic power and transfer them to individual users.
Potential Risks and Competition
The biggest risk just as in any other crypto companies is always regulations. Regulation is always a pain in the ass, for the right reasons. But an overly-regulated country can stifle innovation and development of new technologies. When crypto first took off, regulators couldn’t be bothered as it does not pose a systematic risk to their financial systems. But the technology has grown so fast that it is too big to ignore. Hence, regulators have to play catch up in understanding the benefits and risks of the technology. Tax is another big issue. Because of this time lag between the early adopters and regulators, the whole area is still developing and it’s pretty much in the grey area. It reminds me of the quote by Mahatma Gandhi.
“First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.”
Facebook is rumoured to be launching their own FB coin soon and they have recently removed their ban on cryptocurrency ads. There might be competition from the monopolies if they ever decided to go into crypto. But the good thing is that Brave has already gotten the first-mover advantage.
Using Kyber Swap to swap PAY to BAT
For the above reasons and logical reasoning, I have concluded to myself that PAY has no clear direction on the utility of its tokens (at the moment) and it does not make sense for me to hold them. Furthermore, I am more interested in the TenX tokens (goose) rather than the PAY tokens (eggs). BAT, on the other hand, is showing promising potentials and I can see how value is being derived in the long-term. As such, I have decided to swap ALL my PAY tokens into BAT tokens.
In the past, whenever we want to exchange one altcoin for another, the process would be to transfer your alts into an exchange, sell it for BTC, use that BTC to buy the other alt and transfer them back to your wallet. This whole process incurs gas fees, withdrawal fees, exchange rate fluctuations and the transactions can take hours to be verified if the network is congested. It is slow, inefficient and costly.
Fortunately, Kyber Network has introduced an innovative application tool known as the Kyber Swap. All you have to do is to connect your Metamask and swap your tokens instantly in a decentralized manner. Decentralized meaning that you are exchanging your tokens with the other party directly without going through a middleman such as an exchange. The liquidity providers are usually the market makers, token holders and token projects. The best part? Whenever you are doing a token-to-token swap, Kyber network will process the BEST conversion rate from all the reserves so that the most competitive rate is being carried out.
Conclusion
In conclusion, I can’t guarantee that I made the right choice. After all, I am selling PAY when it’s at its all-time low and buying BAT when it’s near its all-time high. My decision is based on the logical reasoning that I have made. Nevertheless, both TenX and BAT/Brave are equally solid projects which are growing at a rapid pace. I am waiting for TenX to release their TenX tokens by Q2 2019 and ads to be available in Singapore. When TenX tokens are issued out, PAY would probably spike up and all the short-term traders would get in. There is an opportunity to do an arbitrage here, but I wouldn’t take that risk.
I actually received my first payout in BAT when some random stranger decided to tip me. If you are interested in trying out the new Brave browser, here is the download link for it. Do give it a shot, play around with it and if you like it, remember to set the browser as your default.
The loading page is much FASTER and your browser will have ZERO ads and trackers. Furthermore, when ads are available in Singapore, you will be getting PAID to view ads in the future. The payout will be made to you on the 8th of May every month. \There is a referral fee of 5 BAT tokens for every active download (using the browser for at least 30 days)* If you are a blogger or you own a website, do consider this and I would really recommend you to verify your website. It is a potential alternative source of income for yourself. Click here to find out more if you are a content creator.
This is really the next generation of internet browser and it really makes us rethink the way users, advertisers and publishers interact in the digital advertising industry. The current rate of growth is exponential and I do see this taking off in the long-term, so sit tight! Revolution is coming. Keep a lookout for the next post when TenX tokens are distributed and when ads are available in Singapore.
https://brave.com/old707
submitted by older_many to u/older_many [link] [comments]

Beginner's Guide to Trading Crypto. Part 12

Beginner's Guide to Trading Crypto. Part 12

Crypto Trading Bots: The Servants That Make You Rich

The classical stock market has its phases, since it sleeps and awakens to resume trading. Unlike the traditional financial market, the crypto market never sleeps and trades nonstop. Such an approach can be quite profitable for those who resort to modern means of replacing themselves at the screen to go to sleep and let trading continue in automatic mode.
The advent of trading bots allowed not only traditional market participants, but also crypto market enthusiasts to make profit nonstop at speeds and functional capabilities that humans will never be able to achieve.

Trading Bots

In essence, trading bots are software programs that are installed as add-ons on financial software interfaces. Acting as automated trading operations facilitators, the trading bots execute strategies and actions that they are programmed to perform by the traders. Trading bots can place buy and sell orders based on parameters and algorithms, while more advanced models of bots are capable of conducting in-depth analysis of financial markets to reveal profitable avenues and approaches to strategies.
The bots themselves rarely take action on their own, as traders program them to analyze market volumes, cups, dynamics and other parameters to act based on a pre-determined strategy. Though highly popular on traditional markets over the last decade, trading bots are quite restrictive in both their price, which can start from $10,000 on a Bloomberg trading terminal, and their limited functionality. However, the advent of blockchain and cryptocurrencies together with AI and neural networks has allowed trading bots to evolve into more advanced constructs capable of relatively independent “thinking” that allows them to take action based on a variety of aggregated datasets.

Cryptocurrency Trading Bots

Cryptocurrency trading bots have arisen together with the advent of crypto exchanges. It did not take programmers long to develop bots capable of monitoring the crypto market and executing strategies. The similarities between the crypto and traditional markets have made the transition even easier.
Like their traditional counterparts, cryptocurrency trading bots act on the basis of data they aggregate from a variety of sources, namely the crypto exchanges. They analyze market parameters and execute the strategies that the traders program them to perform. Cryptocurrency day trading bots are the most popular type, since day trading still provides the biggest scope of opportunities for making profits on heightened market volatility. Bitcoin buy and sell bots are some of the most popular constructs tailored for the market.
The logical arising question of how to make a cryptocurrency trading bot is a fairy popular one on the web, and the answer is not as simple as it would seem. Making a crypto trading bot is the job of traders/programmers who are qualified enough to make a piece of software capable of coping with vast amounts of financial data. In fact, cryptocurrency trading bots are available from open sources on the web and there are dozens of template software samples available to tailor any need.
The internet is also awash with crypto trading bot reviews, which include Bitcoin arbitrage bots, day trading bots, specialized crypto coin trading bots and many others.
Apart from expensive and highly advanced crypto trading bots, there are also free models that are available to average users. The constructs available range from beginner to advanced trader level in their complexity and user interface friendliness.
Apart from average trading bots, there are also arbitrage bots, which are also software programs that have features allowing traders to set up a variety of parameters that will directly affect the bot's behavior. With such an approach to trading, the bots can enter various exchanges that support them and trade in autonomous fashion on the trader’s behalf. The main advantage of arbitrage bots is that they can make instantaneous decisions depending on asset price movements to make profits for the trader.

The Main Types Of Strategies Used By Bots

Since trading bots largely act as avatars for traders, they mimic the strategies that the traders program them to execute. Some of the most popular strategies that bots are used for are the following:
Trading on the exchange is the classic norm under which a bot is programmed to buy or sell some assets at predetermined prices by placing buy and sell orders.
Arbitrage is the simultaneous purchase and sale of an asset for the purpose of making a profit from an imbalance in its price. Identical or similar financial instruments on different markets or in different forms have different prices, and by exploiting those differences, the bots make profits for the traders.
Market making is the third most popular strategy employed by trading bots. Namely, market making is the execution of strategies or sell-side methods designed to capture spreads, otherwise known as the difference in price between buys and sells. In essence, the bots act as market makers, essentially acting as a guaranteed counterparty for other traders that are single directional in the market.

Other Useful Features

Trading bots are not only about trading, as there are some constructs which were designed as assistants to traders rather than as direct replacements or avatars. There are bots that are designed as market dynamics analysts, others act as aggregators of information that provide detailed market charts, while some are deigned to filter out useful information in news backgrounds that can affect asset prices. The variety of bots on the market is immense and they have been around for far longer than the crypto market itself. In fact, many bank tellers, online shop assistants, even surveillance systems are actually bots, which have been designed to perform specialized features.
The same applies to the crypto market, where the merger or AI and neural networks has given birth to invaluable constructs that help traders and enthusiasts make sense of the market.

The Risks

https://preview.redd.it/ic1bq9zzz7541.jpg?width=376&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=0af38dc3e1aa1964d172114ac66a817eb8e750ea
Needless to say, there are risks involved with using bots as well. Since the software is imperfect by nature of its automation, limited independence and lack of critical thinking outside the set parameters, bots should be monitored constantly and are by no means a panacea that would ensure profits. Bots are more like assistants that can take over for the trader for a limited time and execute mundane tasks. More complex tasks, such as analysis of charts, in-depth technical analysis and decision making are still the responsibility of human traders.
The risks of loss run high if trading bots are abused or left unchecked. Given that the bots cannot always spot market movements that have to predicted, it is highly advised to use bots with caution and rely on personal involvement in the trading process.
Check us out at https://moontrader.io
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MoonTraderPlatform
Twitter: https://twitter.com/MoonTrader_io
LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/19203733
Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/Moontrader_official/
Telegram: https://t.me/moontrader_news_en

Originally posted on our blog.
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Top 5 Tools For Successful Cryptotrader

Knowledge is power! In the age of rapid IT development every self-respecting crypto trader has to be prepared. Analytic tools capabilities are improving every day providing investors lots of resources for successful trading. Growing number of platforms are constantly adding new features allowing traders to make more relevant decision based on bigger amount of data.
The analysis of the relatively recent years shows that small percent of traders shows stable results in the long run. Complex and fundamental analysis of crypto projects, search for best strategy, choice of the trading platform, high volatility, constant track of prices make trader’s job laborious and busy that affect trader’s mental perception and consequently reasonability of this or that decision connected with trading activity.
To beginner and experienced traders’ come special tools mainly created to optimize traders’ performance and in some cases to fully automate some actions.

Coinhills

Progressive analytical service Coinhills attracts its users not only with a simplified control algorithm and a lot of useful functions, but also with a convenient structure of the main sections, where ratings, position of Bitcoin’s main competitors, foreign news aggregator, ICO news can be viewed.

Gekko

The Gekko trading bot is one of the many crypto bots available on the market. This is an open-source trading bot that can collect real-time data, price data, calculate indicators, and complete transactions. It can also test trading strategies using real data. Gekko is essentially an entry-level trading bot for people who are just learning and experimenting with different strategies. Its functionality is very limited compared to others competitors on the market. This allows users to take advantage of arbitrage and minimize risk. This is a good tool for those who try themselves as a crypto trader for the first time.
The main functional features of the bot are the following:
Aggregation of real market data
Calculation of indicators
Execution of current orders
Imitation of order execution
Calculation of profit and risk metrics
Displaying results in the web interface
Managed and imported historical market data
Simulation of live markets using historical data

Investy

Investy is a trading blockchain platform providing its users with advanced functionality for working on cryptoexchanges. A distinctive feature of the product is the ability to copy each other’s orders and make profit with the use of the success fee system. All operations pass through the API crypto exchange without direct transfer of assets.
The platform has a wide range of tools — solutions:
  1. Easy Trade — a trading terminal with an extended range of trader’s tools.
  2. Easy Trade dashboard — detailed statistics for your exchange accounts.
  3. TradeBattle — a tool that will allow you to unlock the talents of a crypto trader.
  4. Ability to work on any device from PC to mobile phone.
  5. Operations on several exchanges via one window.
  6. Security of personal data while using the service.

CoinSpectator

CoinSpectator is a free cryptocurrency news aggregator that allows traders, investors and enthusiasts to track thousands of industry news sources in real time mode. The site allows you to quickly respond to the latest cryptocurrency news, market volatility, investment tips, the ICO schedule, project phases and much more.
Every investor, who has been in cryptospace for a long period of time, understands that markets are not driven by just technical or fundamental indicators. In fact, it is a complex network of interactions with social media, news publications, rumors, as well as more typical technical and fundamental indicators that you can expect to see on traditional markets. CoinSpectator provides the ability to track data interactions.
CoinSpectator is a valuable tool for assessing the industry and learning, whether you are a blockchain enthusiast, a cryptocurrency trader or a crypto skeptic.

Bitcoincharts

Bitcoincharts is a website dedicated to cryptocurrency statistics that contains information about Bitcoin price, trading volumes and other information related to the Bitcoin network.
The portal provides detailed information on the total hashrate of the network, the number of blocks processed per hour and the total number of BTC in circulation. You can also get a general view of the bitcoin trading market based on data from exchanges.
There are some of the most valuable statistics published on Bitcoincharts:

Economy Stats

Block Stats

Conclusion

Being in a dynamic space such as the blockchain and the cryptocurrency market, any trader regardless of experience should always be in touch with the most up-to-date information. Trade in the cryptocurrency market continues to gain popularity, and according to estimates by various consulting agencies the market capitalization of cryptocurrencies will exceed one trillion US dollars by 2030. The potential of blockchain technology is great, and along with it the profession of a crypto trader is becoming increasingly popular. The presented selection will help you to start your way to the industry correctly, leaving behind a large number of risks faced by all novice traders.
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EcomToken: The Ecom Platform Born To Simplify The Operation With Crypto

Global adoption takes its course and continues to expand a new trend shift. In the age of data, privacy, and other Internet-related issues, we are witnessing a progressive crypto boom during 2019 that focuses on simplifying and expanding ecosystem services and applications. In this line of events, the Ecom platform presents version 4.0 of its wallet.
For those interested in downloading, it can be found in the App Store (iOS), Google Play (Android), and APK File (Android). The wallet is compatible with the storage, reception and sending of contrasted cryptocurrencies and tokens, including Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Litecoin (LTC), Binance token (BNB), 0x (ZRX), Maker (MKR), Basic Attention Token (BAT), Huobi Token (HT) and VeChain (VET).
It also has secure, stable tokens (stablecoins) such as True USD (TUSD) and USD coin (USDC). In addition to offering a range of pairs that will grow progressively, the wallet is compatible with cash withdrawals, receipts, and other functions including exchanging with the ECK token quickly. All complicated operations become waiting-free and straightforward for users, thanks to a system managed by artificial intelligence (AI) and EcomToken’s smart contracts.
Automated technology for fast order management with BotTrader Through the Ecom wallet, the platform can tokenize all products bought and sold in the system; mainly thanks to the exchange pair in its native ECK token. The ECK/BTC swap pair will provide a good part of the liquidity and will activate the artificial intelligence gear that makes quick exchanges happen. This type of automation guided by smart contracts will feed an entire order network that will make the BotTrader service possible.
BotTrader offers an easy way to manage a wide range of orders. From placing a single order to thousands of them; by this, we mean wholesale orders (whether buy orders, sell orders or both). By offering this service, scanning low point purchases on all pre-programmed exchanges are automated. Combined with automatic market scans, BotTrader also scans the upside outlets on those exchanges.
When there is a price difference, the opportunity to arbitrage the price appears, and BotTrader performs thousands of trading orders at both ends with the price difference. Therefore, BotTrader not only facilitates maximizing the profit potential for the users but also has liquidity characteristics for the user’s portfolios.
Virtual and physical cryptographic card By obtaining a reliable and instantaneous liquidity base, the system will support the payment network planned in the technical documentation. On society, we can see how the cash in bills and coins is beginning to be margined. Smart device wallets and personal bank cards capture a large percentage of the total spend on normal operations.
It is for this reason that a system designed to support thousands of operations needs simplification in the use of stored funds. The ecosystem is designed to be able to withdraw funds from the portfolio at any time. Either through withdrawals or payments. When it comes to payments, Ecom’s virtual and physical cryptographic card offers the versatility and convenience of everyday life. Linked to its platform account, it provides the comforts of traditional systems; so the adoption barrier seems to fade over time.
The distribution and technology of the ECK native token The native token of the project is the ECK token, being a utility type token. The platform focuses on trade and therefore will not own a blockchain itself, has been chosen Ethereum, being the most adopted for platforms of its kind. As a utility token under the ERC20 standard, it offers general uses to release every one of the platform’s functions.
For a fair and equitable distribution, a token acquisition plan and percentages assigned to the token sale, reserve, reference program, core team, partners, and advisors have been devised.
The total market offer is 101 million ECK tokens distributed based on the following proportions:
· Tokens are offering — 38%.
· Referral Program — 25
· Reserve — 22%.
· Team, partners, advisors — 15
Allocation of the funds collected in the sale of the token An internal fund allocation plan accompanies the distribution of the tokens described above. This plan is posted both on the website and in the corresponding technical documentation. We proceed to break it down:
· Technological development 15%. Technology, products for the platform, new products, and updates of ecosystem characteristics.
· Commercial development 15%. This is one of the pillars of the project, even more so in the newly created company phase. It is orienting to implement a brand image recognized, respectable, modern, and backed by an active user base and constituting business development by building value-added joint ventures with industry leaders.
· Marketing 10%. Global promotion and orientation of the EcomToken ecosystem. It also ensures visibility in the sector.
· Operations 40%. Active financing of the necessary operations and legal bases, as well as advice, are required to start. The planned robust infrastructure will lay the groundwork for a stable future for the ecosystem in the medium and long term. This ranges from liquidity for automated operations to the maintenance of excellent performance, legal assistance, and customer support.
· Ecosystem development 20%. The secured funds guarantee the complete development of the Ecosystem offer the peace of mind of remaining outside the funds allocated for liquidity and other diverse goals. Therefore, developers and ancillary teams will be able to stay focused on the development and implementation of a seamless global ecosystem.
Can the native ECK token be mined? The issue model of the ECK token is not linked to PoW mining. Instead, Token Holders will be encouraged to maintain them through a daily interest. Platform users can deposit ECK tokens into EcomToken’s portfolio to enjoy the resulting calculated interest regularly. This model promotes the adoption of the token by withdrawing it from the markets to the user’s portfolios. This and other initiatives seek to establish a strong base of users and early holders.
To calculate the daily interest to be received, the value of the conversion to US dollars (USD) will be taken as a reference; that is, the ECK/USD pair will be calculated. According to this exchange rate, the daily interest to be received will be calculated. Note that the reference source for obtaining the price will be taken from the metrics publicly exposed in Coinmarketcap.com.
Partners: ECK Tokens will list on big Exchanges on Coinmarketcap as: Sistemkoin, BTC-Alpha, Bancor, WhiteBit, Probit, Token.Store… Investors and traders can trade ECK when listing
· EcomToken Web — https://ecomtoken.com/
· Telegram — https://t.me/globalecomtoken
· Twitter — https://twitter.com/TokenEcom
· Facebook — https://www.facebook.com/global.ecomtoken
· Youtube- https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCKyjFWsd1VNxZx_wgCO4WzA
BOUNTY : Video Review and make Pictures
Get 5 ECK for make Pictures with Screen ecomtoken website/EcomToken app
Get 8 ECK for make Pictures with your friends (from 3 friends) with screen ecomtoken website/EcomToken app
Get 10 ECK for make Pictures with your friends (from 5 friends) with screen ecomtoken website/EcomToken app
Get 20 ECK for make video review ecomtoken projects (say where are you from, how old are you, and why you interesting in EcomToken
Special: Top 3 awards for the most votes from the organizers:
In Pictures
1 Prize 1: 100 ECK
2 Prize 2: 50 ECK
10 Prize 3: 10 ECK
In Video Review
1 Prize 1: 500 ECK
2 Prize 2: 200 ECK
10 Prize 3: 100 ECK
Please submit your works in the submission form: https://drive.google.com/open?id=1niidisZ2wRMaMZaPtqKNL6N9XyX6NUVSlvagwEUgZgk
Spreadsheet: https://drive.google.com/open?id=1ymfm58X0eiIsljD1duCLSl2KkLMcn0hrlkXPdB8mMNs
submitted by princessjenyz to BountyICO [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Arbitrage Software Full Automated [Crypto Arbitrage Bot 2020] Crypto Arbitrage Software: Bitcoin Bot Trading Report ... Bitcoin- Arbitrage Software - YouTube Bitcoin Arbitrage Bot 2017 - Cryptocurrency Arbitrage Bitcoin Arbitrage Bot Cryptocurrency 2020 Exchange Arbitrage Trading [Software Tool]

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Bitcoin Arbitrage Software Full Automated [Crypto Arbitrage Bot 2020]

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